Sample Essay on World War 2- Free Essays Online

Sample Essay on World War 2

World War 2 is also referred to as the Second World War and was a global war from 1939 to 1945. However, related conflicts in Asia started way before 1939. This war involved a large majority of the World’s nation-including all great powers- and formed to opposing sides which included the Axis and the Allies.

In history, it was the most widespread war and involved over 100 million people who came from thirty different countries. Some of the participants in the state of ‘total war’ invested their entire industrial, scientific and economic capabilities to the war effort. The distinction between military and civilian resources was erased. World War 2 casualties are estimated at 50 to 85 million casualties including the mass death of civilians.


World War 2 to date is known as one of the most destructive wars. While the exact number of humans killed during the war is not yet known, it is estimated to have totaled 50 million civilians and service personnel. Nations that suffered the highest civilian and military losses are as highlighted below:

  • USSR-42,000,000
  • Germany-9,000,000
  • China-4,000,000
  • Japan-3,000,000

The start of World War 2

The question on when the World War 2 started is one that leads to passionate debate. Some historians claim that it was the continuation of World War 1 which ended in 1918 while others say it started in 1931when Manchuria was seized by Japan from China.

Other incidences that are also cited include Italy’s defeat and invasion of Abyssinia (Ethiopia) in 1935, Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), occupation of Czechoslovakia by Germany in 1938 and the re-militarization of Germany’s Rhineland by Hitler in 1936.

The two most cited dates for the commencement of World War 2 are 7th July 1937 when ‘Marco Polo Bridge Incident’ led to prolonged war between China and Japan and 1st September 1939 when Poland was invaded by Germany leading France and Britain to declare war on the Nazi state lead by Hitler in retaliation.

Japan had intentions of dominating East Asia and it was at war already with the Republic of China (1937) but the world is said to have started on the 1st of September 1939 when Germany invaded Poland and what followed was declaration of war by the UK and France. Towards the late 1939 to early 1941, a series of treaties and campaigns too place.

Germany formed Axis alliance with Italy thus subduing or conquering a large part of Continental Europe. Because of World War 2 the social structure and political alignment of the world was changed. The UN (United Nations) was then established to prevent further conflicts in the future and foster international co-operation.





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