Causes and Effects of Arab-Israeli Conflict
Arab Israeli conflict is one of toughest wars in history. The conflict is on and off and there has been no meaningful peace between the two countries. According to experts, there are different causes of the conflict including the establishment of Israeli state under the UN partition plan. According to Arab countries, this was an unfair move because of population differences. Arab had a larger population than Israel and therefore, they felt that creation of independent states for the Israelis was very unfair. This caused the conflict and war of 1948.
Additionally, the conflict of 1967 occurred because of the closure of Straits of Tiran by Nasser. They couldn’t ship goods to Eilat. Israel also kicked out UNEF from Sinai. As a result, there was a conflict between the two countries and Israel was the first to attack Egypt.
In 1973, Sadat tried to make peace with Israel under Resolution 242. Israel was not willing to sign any peace agreement and this caused the war of 1973. No progress was made as long as all territories were returned. Sadat also threatened a civil with Israel unless it accepted the resolution. Syria and Egypt launched a surprise attack on Israel while they were on holiday.
Nasser also nationalized the Suez Canal causing the Arab Israeli conflict of 1956. France and England were angered by the move and they attacked Egypt with Israel.
Effects of Arab Israeli war
Egypt managed to take over the Gaza strip in the conflict of 1948. Additionally, Jordan took over East Jerusalem and the West Bank. What’s more, Israel took over more than 1/3 of land recommended by the UN and less than half the land was left for Palestine.
In 1967, Israel also gained the West Bank, Sinai, Golan Heights, Gaza strip and all of Jerusalem. Arab states on the other hand did not want to strike any peace agreement with Israel therefore, worsening the situation.
In 1979, Egypt signed a peace pact with Israel. This was an effect of Arab Israeli conflict of 1973. Egypt was the first country to recognize Israel. It was also able to regain the Sinai Peninsula.
Israel and Lebanon also signed a peace agreement. As a result, Israel withdrew its troops from Lebanon.
Environmental pollution also occurred because of the conflict. US military were highly present in Kuwait where they had set up a base. While they destroyed Kuwaiti land, burns from the fight polluted the environment. In addition, Gulf War syndrome from the exposure of toxic chemicals enraged Palestinians across the globe.
England also had to pay a fee to access and use the Suez Canal. France and England later left leaving Egypt to take over Canal. Gamal Abdel Nasser in the end became a hero and he was recognized worldwide.
The British also took control of Palestine. This is because there were rich Arabs in the country and poor Palestinians. Therefore, it became easy to attack them. Poor Palestinians also lacked proper knowledge over what was really happening and it made it easier for England to fight and control them.
Besides all these effects, many people lost their lives both in Israel and Arab countries.
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