POVERTY AND SOCIAL WELFARE
The paper will address a variety of social policy issues such as some of the reasons why there is widespread poverty in the United States of America. The policies have been put in place by different political administrations that have been in power, to try and combat poverty.
The United States of America and poverty
Economic structures that contribute to avoidance of paying taxes are one of the major causes of poverty not just in the country, but all over the world. People that fail to pay taxes strain the available limited resources. A smaller amount of funds have to be distributed among higher numbers of individuals because there are individuals that do not pay taxes, or pay a reduced amount than they should. Lack of education for the members of the population contributes to poverty since individuals are not equipped with basic knowledge on how they can improve their lives.
Effective Welfare Policies Effective In Combating Poverty
The food stamps and social welfare programs have definitely lowered the poverty percentage in the country; and helped to improve the living standards of many U.S. citizens.
Recommended Policy Reforms
There should be implementation of legislation that recommends higher taxes for richer individuals in the country. While more funds availability would not solve all the problems, the extra money would go a long way in assisting a higher number of individuals, and building more social amenities that contribute to higher productivity. Better facilities such as hospitals and systems through which they are operated means better health outcomes for the country’s workforce. The welfare reform under the Clinton, Bush, and Obama administrations, has a common factor which is the inclusion of individuals and groups falling in the category of vulnerable groups in the society such as the widowed, separated and divorced mothers.
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Beland, Daniel and Waddan Alex. The Politics of Policy Change: Welfare, Medicare and Social
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 Sasha Abramsky. The American Way of Poverty: How the Other Half still Lives. (New York:
Nation books. 2013).
 Beland, Daniel and Waddan Alex. The Politics of Policy Change: Welfare, Medicare and Social Security Reform in the United States of America. (Washington: Georgetown University Press. 2012).