Sample Essay on Effects of the Russian Revolution
The World History is replete with Revolutions. These revolts were caused by various factors and had a wide range of effects. In this essay, we shall explore the effects of the Russian Revolution, in terms of how it shaped the history of Russia in later days.
The first effect was the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II. Historians consider this the mother of all other consequences because it bred numerous effects. This resignation spurred raging debate as many factions argued on whether Russia should show solidarity by standing with Tsar and support him out of the war. To the surprise of many, and to the wishes of Bolsheviks, Russia pulled out of the war. The aftermath of this historic move was Russia’s signing of the of the Brest-Litovsk agreement in March 1981. The treaty was harsh on Russia as it recommended humongous land to be given up. The Bolsheviks who pushed for the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II appeared to have won, as they became power and the leadership of Vladimir Lenin.
The second consequence of the Russian Revolution was the rise of Lenin as a powerful leader. Importantly, Lenin transformed Russia into a communist party. Even though this was the case, Lenin was a pillar of Bolsheviks party that supported socialism. Lenin became a darling of Russians because he guaranteed them total peace by ending the war. On his way from Switzerland, Lenin not only promised to end the war in Russia, but also pushed the replacement of the acting government with a soviet one.
Lenin took this stance since the provisional government was made up by Duma, which represented Russia’s upper class. Moreover, Tsar had suspended this government during his reign. On the other hand, the soviets were radical councils. Because of his position, Russians believed in Lenin and saw him as the Messiah that was to hand them their ultimate freedom. What they did not have an idea of was that Lenin was fighting for himself and wanted to personalize the revolution.
However, Lenin did not sail on a smooth path. Others groups and leaders in Russia opposed his communism and peace approach. This objection resulted into the division of Russia into the Reds and the Whites. The Reds largely comprised of Bolsheviks, who were in agreement with Lenin with the Whites resisting his rule and ideologies. The peak of these divisions was in 1919 when the Whites launched anti-Lenin campaigns, which led to the civil war.
It therefore implies that the Russian Revolution led to the Civil War, which took place between the Reds and Whites. Aleksandr Kolchak was in charge of the Whites. It also emerged that Russia’s allies wanted it back in the war by supporting the Whites. At this time, the Whites did not have the interests of the country at heart. This was just after World Ward I, meaning leaders had to too much to deal with and not Russia’s internal affairs. The stage for the war was set, even though the Whites undermined the Reds, since they were mainly generals. Because of their organization, the Reds won the war, which claimed the lives of about ten million people.
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