Sample Essay on Courts and Delinquency Intervention/Prevention Programs

Courts and Delinquency Intervention/Prevention Programs

Anthony, B., & David, W. (2011). “The Effects of Focused Deterrence Strategies on Crime: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Empirical Evidence.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency pp. 3-28.

Summary

Deterrence theory states that a crime can be prevented when the cost of committing the crime outweighs the gains (Sherman, 1993). Research shows that police interventions give an efficient strategy for accomplishing both general and specific deterrence against crime. Directed deterrence methods are always used to thwart and manage violent behavior, gang units, individual repeat criminals, and obvious drug markets (Braga & Weisburd, 2012). The strategy stresses on the use of the concepts, such as increasing the risks prevalent with those who commit the crime.

Due to the popularity of the approach, a systematic review and meta-analysis of the evidence is needed to find the benefits of the crime reduction approach (Anthony & David, 2011). The method of the study is based on the systematic review protocols and Campbell collaboration convections. The proposed meta-analysis shows that such directed prevention strategies are linked to a noteworthy, medium-sized crime reduction outcome. Even though the approach is suitable in the reduction of crime, it still needs some developments (Anthony & David, 2011).

Findings and Recommendations

Search strategies in the process of systematic review provide numerous citations and abstracts for the relevant studies that must be screened to find out whether the studies satisfy the eligibility criteria (Anthony & David, 2011). The course of screening gives a small collection of qualified studies for inclusion in the review. Of the 11 studies, 10 showed significant crime reduction that is associated with the strategy. Therefore, the findings of the study are positive (Anthony & David, 2011). Lastly, the author recommends that a systematic approach should be developed for it to be efficient and effective (Anthony & David, 2011).

References

Braga, A. & Weisburd, L. (2012). “The Effects of Focused Deterrence Strategies on Crime: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Empirical Evidence.’Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. doi:10.1177/0022427811419368

Sherman, L. (1993). “Defiance, Deterrence, and Irrelevance: A Theory of the Criminal Sanction.”Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. doi:10.1177/0022427893030004006