Sample Essay on Cold War Effects on Politics
Cold war effects on politics can be seen in the rivalry that existed between the Soviet Union and America. These two superpowers dominated the cold war with each striving to sell its political ideals. Throughout the duration of the cold war, competition and conflict between the communist Soviet Union and the capitalist United States of America as well as the respective allies of each dominated the world.
Following the end of the Second World War, the cold war spilled outside Europe. Politics of every part of the globe were involved in the Cold war until the late 1980s. The impact of the cold war on the politics of different countries across the world ended after President Ronald Reagan of the United States and Mikhail Gorbachev of the Soviet Union held conferences to end the cold war.
Before the conferences between these leaders, political and governmental institutions, as well as their structures, reflected either communism or capitalism ideas of the Soviet Union or the United States respectively. The political public attitudes were also shaped by communism or capitalism ideals.
Strong impressions that were established during the cold war continued to affect the national psyche in politics even after the cold war. People in the United States and the Soviet Union as well as their allies supported people on the basis of their political ideologies. For instance, in the United States of America, people elected Presidents Kennedy, Truman, Reagan, and Nixon due to their political ideologies and strong stand against communism.
America also went into the Vietnam and Korean War in a bid to stop the Soviet Union from expanding its communist ideals. In Africa, politics were based on foreign policies and ideologies of the two superpowers. Countries like Mozambique got support from the Soviet Union in part for supporting its communist ideology. In South Africa, Soviet Union supported ANC because it supported communism.
Towards the end of the 1980s, world politics had a bipolar scheme of communism and capitalism ideologies. Conferences held between the president of the United States, Ronald Reagan, and Mikhail Gorbachev of the Soviet Union ended the decades’ long role played by the cold war in the international and domestic politics of most countries.
The cold war was officially declared over in 1989 by President George W. Bush and Gorbachev. Nevertheless, some political structures that were established during the cold war and under its influence still exist in some countries while some countries have restructured them to suit their systems of governance.
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