Sample Essay on Causes and Effects of World War 2
There were many causes and effects of World War 2. After World War I, Germany was held responsible for causing the war, and military sanctions were put against it. There was a treaty that was aimed at hindering Germany from continuing its aggression. Germany was also required to pay a huge amount of money as a fine and give away some territories.
This did not impress Germany because apart from affecting its economy, the treaties also hurt the national pride of the people. People saw hope in the ability of Adolf Hitler and therefore choose him as their leader. The rise of Adolf Hitler, as well as his Nazism concept, was popular in the 1930s. The concept that had expansionism and racism as their characteristics made him a strong leader among the people and he became Germany’s Chancellor in 1933 after which he started rebuilding the army.
Britain and France did not pay much attention to the activities of Hitler because they did not want to go into war again after the First World War. Some historians argue that these states did so because they thought that through the activities of Hitler, they would stop communism from spreading. Hitler made Germany an ally of Japan and Italy.
While Adolf Hitler and his Nazism policy were becoming increasingly popular, Benito Mussolini and his Fascism policy were rising in Italy. Racism, totalitarianism, and violence were the main characteristics of Fascism. Fascism and Nazism were popular concepts and Mussolini and Hitler were seen as the leaders in the war against Allied forces. The two joined in 1937 to form Rome-Berlin Axis Pact which enabled them to establish a military alliance.
The desire by Japan to expand its territories also contributed to sparking off the war. Japan faced depression in the 1930s. As a way of tackling it, Japan opted to invade the China Republic in the Manchuria area in northeastern China. The areas had rich mineral resources.
Although the League of Nations had been established after World War I to keep the world safe from another world war, it did not succeed in its efforts. For instance, when the League of Nations ordered Japan to leave the China region, Japan opted to cease being a member of the League. Sanctions put on Japan made it even more defiant and went ahead to pursue the regions.
Among the effects of World War II were many casualties ranging from 22 to 25 million soldiers. About 38 to 55 million civilians also died as a result of the war. The war also led to redrawing of borders between several countries in Asia and Europe. United Nations was also formed to replace the League of Nations that had failed to prevent World War II.
There were huge economic impacts of the war due to property destruction. The great depression followed the war. New Rivalries were also established especially between the United States and the Soviet Union.
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