Advantages and Disadvantages of Renewable Energy

Sample Essay on Advantages and Disadvantages of Renewable Energy

There are several advantages and disadvantages of renewable energy. Renewable energy refers to energy that comes from constantly replenished sources such as sun light, geothermal heat, rain and wind. This energy has been used as an alternative to motor fuels, electricity, and other forms of rural heating. Over the years, environmentalists have advocated for the use of renewable energy. This is due to the benefits or advantages of this energy.

One of the major advantages of using this energy is its renewability. Just like the name suggests, this energy is renewable. This implies that it is a sustainable form of energy that will never get exhausted from the source. Unlike other sources such as oil, coal and gas that are usually limited renewable energy is not.

Using renewable energy can reduce dependence on energy from the nonrenewable sources. This is because geothermal heat, strong winds, shinning sun and moving water can provide constant supply of energy.

Another advantage of renewable energy is its environmental benefits. Renewable energy is clean energy that has little or no carbon and greenhouse emissions. Thus, apart from the fact that this energy does not deplete natural resources, it also has minimal to no negative effects on the environment. Renewable energy does not produce toxic waste products that are produced by nonrenewable energy.

Thus, using renewable energy helps in scaling down toxic pollution of the air and the environment. In addition, renewable energy is reliable. This explains the declining dependence on energy from fossil fuels over the past years. Governments have realized that depending on fossil fuels is affecting their economies.

This is because nonrenewable energy is vulnerable to trade disputes, political instabilities, high prices and wars. On the other hand, renewable energy sources such as wind and solar plants can be distributed in different locations and they are not likely to be disrupted by these factors.

Nevertheless, renewable energy has its disadvantages as well. For instance, to exploit renewable energy, large capital has to be invested first. This is because plants for generating renewable energy have to be constructed and these are usually costly.

Large pieces of land are also required to set up solar panels and other plants for generating renewable energy in sufficient quantities. In addition, generating renewable energy in adequate quantity is not easy.

Renewable energy also depends on heavily on weather because the main sources are sunshine, wind and rain. If there are no these kind of weather conditions then renewable energy will not be produced.

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