Free Trade as a force for Environmental Improvement
Trade in the international environment is carried out with the objective of creating more jobs, increasing profitability and enhancing economic well being. The development of trade relations between countries also enhances job competitiveness and helps to attain greater economic stability in the international business context. The aspect of trade cannot be effectively understood without an understanding of the environmental impacts of trade. Understanding the relationship between the players in trade and the environment is also essential in order to achieve greater benefits in trade.
The environment can affect trade both positively and negatively. Similarly, the impacts of the environment on trade can be either frustrating with regards to development or building. Trade and the environment should thus be viewed as complementary to each other. The relationships between various important contributors to trade make it possible to understand the relationship between the physical and the environmental concepts in trade (Roberts 98).
The environmental health of a country is directly linked to the trade effects in that country. The opportunities available through trade have also been found to result in greater disregard for environmental greenness. The Free Trade policies that have been put in place by different international trade organizations have been recognized to result in even higher disregard for environmental conservation. From the freedom that arise from free trade, lack of common environmental preservation regulations are prevalent. This makes it difficult to determine costs in environmental conservation due to the inequality in the environmental preservation laws.
In addition to this, countries that have well developed international regulations have greater potential of enjoying free markets without consideration of the environmental impacts of their actions. The increasing pollution and need for the prevention of pollution brings about participation of countries in the environmental conservation efforts. Socio-economic developments are immense in international trade. Cheaper and more accessible labor is achievable in free trade regimes. Countries can find means of facing competitors and making successful business (Wilks 48).
Other benefits of free trade are mainly associated with the economic growth that results from this. Free trade comes with reduction in taxes among other economic benefits. This helps to attain greater environmental awareness and can improve the environment. Additionally, free trade helps to improve technological advancements. This leads to the discovery and implementation of better technologies for agricultural development (Perez 96). The application of environmental discoveries can help to improve the environmental sector. Any stage achieved during the development can be recognized as an advancement of the environmental aspects in free trade. Sustainability in production can be achieved through the help of free trade. Biological control of organisms can also be used to prevent pesticides and other forms of destructive elements in the environment.
Through price assumptions, trade also helps in the allocation of resources for agricultural developments. Determination of productivity is based on the measure of efficiency associated with the improvements in agriculture. Furthermore, free trade also increases the manufacturing standard relating to environmental conservation. This occurs through the sharing of ideas and application of international standards in addition to national standards. The few restrictions in the free trade regime allow the operation of business in a well protected environment and safe. Maintaining competitive advantage in the light of environmental preservation comes in especially when business is being undertaken at the international standard (Andrews 102). In conclusion, it can be said that the relationship between free trade and the environment is an inseparable concept despite the difference between the two aspects of trade and environment.
Andrews, Richard N. L. Managing the Environment, Managing Ourselves: A History of American Environmental Policy. New Haven: Yale university press, 2006. Print.
Perez, Oren. Ecological Sensitivity and Global Legal Pluralism: Rethinking the Trade and Environment Conflict. Oxford: Hart, 2004. Print.
Roberts, Brad. New Forces in the World Economy. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1996. Print.
Wilks, Sarah. Seeking Environmental Justice. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2008. Print.
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