Energy Conservation in Regards to Population Growth, Global Warming and the Effect of Greenhouse Gases
Energy conservation refers to measures taken to reduce or negate energy consumption beyond the utilization purposes intended for the energy. It involves measures such as technology advancements which initiate efficiency in energy use. There are different types of energy. For instance, heat and electric energy are some of the examples of energy types. While electric energy is used directly, heat energy requires conversion into other forms of energy prior to use. Conserving energy involves efficient utilization of both.
Similarly, renewable energy sources as well as non-renewable energy sources exist. It is critical for both to be used conservatively. Despite efforts to enhance energy conservation, various threats such as global warming still exist. It is therefore important for measures such as promotion of energy efficient transportation processes to be taken into consideration. In order to ensure that there is energy sustainability, various reasons are used as drivers for advocating for attitudinal changes. Some of them include reduction of energy consumption and advocating for greenhouse activities which prevent the release of greenhouse gases to the environment.
One of the factors that have been blamed for increased energy consumption is population growth. As populations grow, energy consumption increases, leading to greater exploitation of natural energy resources. This also leads to expansion of resource availability which further increases population hence the cycle continues (David 2). The ultimate results include industrialization and urbanization, both of which result in the release of more wastes to the environment (Robert 9). The release of gaseous materials into the environment implies that greenhouse gas concentrations in the environment increase.
This affects the energy sector directly and also indirectly through the action of global warming. Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxides have also been linked to global warming through the contribution of chlorofloro-carbons emitted together with them. Through environmental models that have previously been created, it has been confirmed that such gases impact the environment negatively (Joseph 28).
The effects of climate change on the environment are many and of varied impacts. For example, factors such as retreat of glaciers, changes in precipitation types and frequency are among some of the impacts associated with global warming. These impacts imply that changes have to be made in energy consumption, particularly in the arctic regions where the impacts of global warming are more adverse. The Green Aid Party, through collaboration with various countries produced a plan for the achievement of energy conservation practices.
Other organizations such as UNDP and the European Union have also come to the agreement that it is necessary to reduce energy consumption in all the countries around the world. Through processes such as decreased energy consumption and wastage and adoption of green technologies, various nations agreed to conserve at least 10 percent of the annual energy consumption. Reducing energy costs is purported to be a possible initiator of energy conservation through motivation to consume less (JICA 35).
Population growth is recognized as the key driver of excessive energy consumption. To curb the menace, it is critical to adopt technologies that use renewable energy such as photovoltaic cells, wind power and biological methods such as carbon sequestration for the energy conservation. Similarly, the industrial sector should also adopt strategies for energy management in order to reduce wastage. In the domestic sector, the use of efficient lighting systems which conserve energy is also encouraged. Efficiency in energy consumption can also be increased through the use of functional and energy efficient equipment such as water heaters and others (EC 25).
David, Dodman. Urban Density and Climate Change, United Nations Population Fund Analytical Review of Interaction between Urban Growth Trends and Environmental Changes, 2009. Print.
European Commission (EC). Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats in Energy Research, European Commission Community Research, 2005. Print.
Japan International Co-operation Agency (JICA). Energy Conservation, Japan International Co-operation Agency thematic Guidelines, 2005. Print.
Joseph, Postma. A Discussion on the Absence of a Measurbale Greenhouse Effect, Principia Scientific International Publication, 2012.
Robert, Socolow. The Critical Role of Energy Efficiency in Mitigating Global Warming, Government, Law and Policy Journal, 10(1): 8-22, 2008. Print.
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