Sample Environmental Studies and Forestry Creative Writing Paper on Biodiversity

            The earth supported more biodiversity before the emergence of human beings than after.  Maintenance of biodiversity should be considered because it supports ecological stability. In an ecosystem, each species performs a certain role (Maczulak 4). It could be storage of energy, decomposition of organic material, control of erosion and pests, help in regulation of the climate. In short, they provide support in terms of production and services which humans would not survive without. Such include soil fertility, purification of water and air, and plant pollinators. This means that diversity of an ecosystem is better for human survival hence the need to maintain it.

            Human dominance on earth has led to the extinction of various species that support biodiversity. Habitat destruction could be considered the major cause of extinction hence biodiversity loss. This is caused by pollution, deforestation, overpopulation, and global warming. Habitat reduction mainly affects species that are physically large and live in the oceans or forests. The National Biodiversity Strategy and action Plan (NBSAP) came up with five strategies that could be used in the preservation of earth’s diversity (Maczulak 9). These include; protection of biodiversity, consideration of biodiversity issues during policy and decision making, improve human knowledge in biodiversity, enhance public and education awareness, safeguard partnerships with stakeholders in order to promote national collaboration.

            The flamingo, also scientifically known as phoenicopterus ruber is a big colorful bird that resides both in African and South America. Some could also be found in areas of Western Asia and southern Europe (Sea world Parks & Entertainment). Their most characteristic habitats include saline lakes, estuarine lagoons without vegetation, mangrove swamps, sandy islands, and tidal flats. The birds stay in flocks of around 200 birds and feed on algae, crabs and fish in salty lakes. The life span of a flamingo is about 30 years though some live up to 50 years. Though most species are pink in color, some are white, grey or black. The color comes from their diet which includes a type of algae with a carotenoid nature that makes the color turn pink. There are six different species of flamingoes which include the greater flamingo, the lesser flamingo, the Chilean flamingo, the Andean, the James’s flamingo, and the American flamingo (Sea world Parks & Entertainment). Flamingoes stay in flocks and research shows that they might not survive alone.

            Flamingoes are often seen standing on one leg. This means that they are sleeping though only one side sleeps and they alternate legs so that the other side can rest. With their oddly shaped beaks, they filter shrimp from the water. Flamingoes nest only once a year and the female lays one egg that is incubated for a period of 30 days (Arnold and Richard 46). Both the father and mother help in taking care of the chicks. Instead of regurgitated foods like other birds, flamingos feed their chicks with crop milk which they produce. Even though they are not in danger of extinction; conservation methods have been put in place to prevent such occurrences. Some areas have experienced insufficient rain as a result of global warming thus tampering with the mating process of these birds. The identification of such problems has led to formation of groups that work towards educating the public to ensure that flamingoes do not end up on the list of endangered animals. Such groups include the IUCN/World Conservation Union. They are also protected in zoology parks and by the U.S Migratory Bird Act.

Works Cited

Sea world Parks & Entertainment. Flamingos. 2017. https://seaworld.org/en/animal-info/animal-infobooks/flamingos/scientific-classification

Arnold, Caroline, and Richard Hewett. Flamingo. , 2013. Internet resource.

Maczulak, Anne E. Biodiversity: Conserving Endangered Species. New York: Facts On File, 2010. Print.