Scientific studies indicate that for the past two decades human-induced activities have affected the atmosphere by producing the greenhouse gases (GHGs). This has resulted in an increase in the global temperatures which has led to intensified desertification, change in weather patterns, and loss of biodiversity (Falkner 1109). The escalated impacts of the phenomena prompted the international communities to sign various regimes to reduce the climate change impacts.
Factors that have limited the Negotiation of an International Regime of Climate Change
Formulating an effective agreement to avert climate change has been convoluted by the numerous emitters of GHGs and the scientific substantiation of anthropogenic climate change. Moreover, the desire to elucidate on the development necessities of developing nations and lack of an inclusive method of sharing the risks of climate change impeded the negotiations (Falkner 1111). For instance, the policy change needed to lower the GHG discharge complicates issues on which countries to endure the short-term economic burden.
My Opinion on why it was Possible to Reach the Paris Agreement
The foundation of the Paris Agreement was based on rebuilding the trust that was previously lost among nations hence making it possible to adopt the regime. Additionally, the basis of the treaty was developed in Copenhagen thus most of the countries knew what it entails (Dröge 8). Lastly, the position of various developing nations such as China and Brazil had changed prior to the convention thereby, enhancing its acceptance.
Human-induced activities are the major contributor to climate change since they produce GHGs that has led to increased desertification and loss of biodiversity. This prompted the international communities to formulate various agreements to help combat climate change. However, the processes were faced with a myriad of challenges such as the desire to elucidate on the development necessities of developing nations. Factors like a change of position by the developing countries also played a role in reaching the Paris Agreement.
Dröge, Susanne. “The Paris Agreement 2015: Turning Point for the International Climate Regime.” 2016, pp. 33. https://www.ssoar.info/ssoar/handle/document/46462
Falkner, Robert. “The Paris Agreement and the new logic of international climate politics.” International Affairs vol. 92, no. 5, 2016, pp. 1107-1125. https://academic.oup.com/ia/article/92/5/1107/2688148