Homework Question on Structural Functionalism Theory of Family
- There are a number of theories proposed by various individuals to explain the functionality of the different family background, structures and sizes.
- These theories also explain why families differ across cultures.
Homework Answer on Structural Functionalism Theory of Family
The Conflict Theory
A conflict arises due to the presence of two or more clashing issues. This theory supports the fact that in every family, disagreements always arise because the individuals within that particular setting have different interests and goals. They possess different capabilities and problem-solving methods. Conflict is inevitable within any society, and the absence of conflict is an indicator of lack of normalcy. Conflict is based also on resource allocation and the methods of negotiation used during a conflict situation.
The Symbolic Interaction Theory
A family comprises different individuals, who interact on different levels with one another. The assumption here is that society precedes the individual. Each individual within this particular setting has specific goals and intentions. The same individuals also perform different roles within this setting. As such, the clearer the roles, the less strain it created on an individual. However, when an individual perceives that their role is burdensome, clarity is sought to ensure ease of transition, if need be.
The Exchange Theory
Naturally, in any setting, individuals behave in an approved manner to gain rewards or recognition from other members of the society. This theory asserts individuals are motivated by self-interest. An individual, for instance, avoids a divorce situation because of the reaction that may accompany the divorce. In this situation, the individual chooses a behavior that maximizes positive reaction by looking at the long-term benefits of avoiding a negative situation.