Personnel Training and Regulation in Child Care
Evidence points out that there is a continued need for increased training and education requirements for childcare workers. The evidence has been mentioned from a small scale and large scale of the impacts of childcare on children’s development. For instance, about 60 percent of the children below the age of five years in the United States stay in childcare on regular basis. More so, about 44 percent of the infants stay in childcare for over thirty-hour in a week. Therefore, due to the increasing number of children who need childcare, there is a need for increased quality of childcare (Phillips, McCartney & Scarr, 1987). By doing so, childcare will have a meaningful impact on the development outcome of children and the employment of the primary caretakers.
Nevertheless, different studies point out the difference in quality when childcare workers have more education. For instance, according to (Hotz & Kilbourn, 1994), high-quality care leads to better development outcomes while on the other hand, low lower quality care leads to poor development outcomes.
For those dealing with toddlers and infants, it is imperative for them to understand the process quality and the structural characteristics of the child. The features that describe as process qualities include language, safety, and health care (Phillips, McCartney & Scarr, 1987). The structural characteristics include the child: adult ratio, which the caregivers should be privy to.
I think the accreditation of childcare centre by one of the agencies identified in this module makes a difference in quality of care. The agency enumerates some of the facets required in childcare and how caregivers should apply them to aid infants and toddlers.
Nonetheless, parents should make accreditation a significant element when choosing a childcare centre for their children. This will make them differentiate the care centres. The ones with the highest accreditation are likely to offer better services.
Hotz, J., & Kilbourn, M. R. (1994). Regulating Child Care: The Effects of State Regulations on child Care Demand and Its Cost.
Phillips, D., McCartney, K., & Scarr, S. (1987). ChildCare Quality and Children’s Social Development. Developmental Psychology. doi:10.1037/0012-1618.104.22.1687
Weinraub, M., Shlay, A. B., Harmon, M., & Tran, H. (2005). Subsidizing child care: How child care subsidies affect the child care used by low-income African American families. Early Childhood Research Quarterly.