Homework Question on Criminal Justice
- Complete assignment in Times New Roman 12 pt Font.
- Use A.P.A 6th edition format for citation.
- Assignment must be 100% original.
- If it is needed, I have uploaded the chapter from the text book for you to reference on. I do not need a cover sheet!!
Worrall, J.L. (2015). Criminal procedure from first contact to appeal (5th ed.)Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
- What justification did the United States Supreme Court (USSC) give when it authorized a vehicle inventory search?
- What is the general rule for a person inventory (a.k.a., an arrest inventory) as decided in Illinois v. Lafayette?
- What two types of home inspections have been authorized by the USSC and WHY?
- Why did the USSC rule that brief border detentions are constitutionally permissible?
- What reason did the USSC give for upholding roadblocks near the Mexican border for the purpose of discovering illegal aliens?
- Fully describe the requirements of a constitutional sobriety checkpoint.
- What was the ruling of the USSC in New Jersey v. TLO regarding school disciplinary searches AND what are the limits on those types of warrantless searches?
- People on probation and parole have a lesser expectation of privacy than the typical citizen. What are those differences for the probationer and the parolee?
Homework Answer on Criminal Justice
In Carroll v. United States (1925), the Supreme Court held that a law enforcement officer might search vehicles if they have a probable cause that the vehicle contains contrabands. The high court pronounced that the violation of the fourth amendment was justified since motor vehicles could easily be moved into another jurisdiction before a warrant for the search was obtained. However, this does not apply to a parked vehicle and a car that has been towed to the station where the officer does the warrantless search.
The officer may search and list all the inventories found on the arrested person. Such searches are not subject to the probable cause condition. Therefore, the issue of obtaining a warrant before taking and inspecting the personal property is immaterial. Lafayette had been arrested and as the office took inventory and searched her bag, drugs were discovered concealed in a cigarette packet. The Supreme Court ruled that the evidence was admissible and warrant, consent or probable cause is necessary in order to search the inventory of an arrested person.
The practical rationale behind this rule is to prevent arrested persons from making false claims of the inventory they had at the time of the arrest, as well as discourage officers from stealing detainees’ possessions.Additionally, searching the arrested person’s inventory helps in verifying their identity and eliminates from their possessions items that can be used to inflict self-harm while in detention.