Many people do not believe in the viability of the treatment method in crime prevention and they cite the continued presence of crime (Hanser 319). To Hanser (319), though, to fully appreciate this method, it is important for the public to understand how and why such programs are implemented.
To begin with the ‘how?’, Hanser (320) believes that the notion that treatment is not a viable method for fighting crime stems from the fact that most people do not understand how such programs are implemented. First, treatment is not used in all cases. Evidence does show that certain types of criminals (including psychopaths, among others) are not responsive to treatment, but it is also true that none of the available methods are effective in all cases either. Simply, treatment is only used on certain types of offenders, which means that citing the continued presence of crime in the society as evidence of failure of treatment is to put too much weight on the method. Secondly, there are many mitigating factors which affect the effectiveness of treatment methods. Particularly, Hanser (Hanser 320) refers to sociological factors that undermine whatever has been achieved once an offenders in released from any such program. In such a case, failure is attributable to other factors other than the program itself, and such factors include the offender and/or type of crime, the specific type of treatment used as well as the person administering the treatment. Consequently, treatment programs occur alongside other rehabilitation methods, including various methods of therapy (Hanser 329). It is important for the public to understand this complexity of interrelated factors because then they would not rush to judgment and consider the evidence much more objectively.
As for the ‘why?’, research evidence make a strong case for rehabilitation of offenders and/or criminals. Particularly, such evidence demonstrates that criminals/offenders can also become valuable members of society. If the public understand how treatment methods are implemented, then they also understand their role in boosting the effectiveness of these methods, such as through community supervision and alliance with treatment staff (Hanser 325).
Hanser, Robert D. Community Corrections, 2nd Edition. Los Angeles: Sage, 2014. Print.