Sample Criminal Justice Coursework Paper on Organized Crime Groups

Organized crime groups

Introduction

            Organized crime describes a form of international, national as well as local groupings that constitute of largely centralized enterprises and which are run by criminals. Such criminals usually pursue to engage in illicit activities in order to generate money among other benefits (Russell, 2014).

How organized crime groups use violence

            Violence is a key tool that organized crime groups use to achieve certain criminogenic objectives. A major form of violence that organized crime groups use is assault and they often use it for coercive purpose to harass debtors, “rough-up” recruits and conduct robbery. According to Roth (2010), organized crime groups use bodily assault as an expression severe conflict against the mainstream society. Murder is another form of violence that organized crime groups employ to avenge for the interruption of their operations as well as eliminate any form of competition. Organized crime groups also use terrorism as a form of violence intended to perpetuate political as well as ideological acceptance (Russell, 2014).

            Organized crime groups contribute to violence by perpetuating the emergence of illegal drug markets. These markets are usually very violent as participants stand at the risk of either being wounded or murdered by other players in the market. These groups also contributed to high number of homicide cases. Data from United States’ department of criminal justice indicates that Canada has the largest number of murder cases occurring in the hands of organized criminals (Roth, 2010).

            Organized crimes groups also play a significant role in the emergence of new crime trends. This has led to the internationalization of the criminal justice system so as to enhance corporation between courts, law enforcement agents and corrections (Russell, 2014).

Conclusion

            Organized crime groups are organizations run by criminals and they are usually intended to perpetuate illicit activities that can help to generate monetary among other types of benefits. These groups use such forms of violence including physical and sexual assaults, murder and terrorism to intimidate, avenge and achieve some form of acceptance. Such activities have led to national and international violence, which prevails in the form of illegal drug trade and homicides.

References

Roth, M. (2010). Global Organized Crime: A reference Handbook, New York: ABC Clio.

Russell, S. (2014). Responding to Organized Crime through Intervention in Recruitment Pathways. Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice, 473(3):65-99.