Homework Question on Runway Incursions
WHAT CAN PILOTS OR GROUND CREW DO TO AVOID OR MITIGATE THE RISK SURROUNDING RUNWAY INCURSIONS.
Resources for research:
- http://www.faa.gov/airports/airport_safety/call_to_action/ you can use these sources and add one more.
Homework Answer on Runway Incursions
FAA website defines runway incursions as any occurrence at an aerodrome that involves misplaced presence of any object or person in the protected area of a surface meant for the landing and take-off of aircraft. Any unwarranted movements or occurrence in the designated movement areas are reported as surface incidents and are highly sensitive since they might compromise the safety of flights and flight operations.This website further details four categories of runway incursions namely category A, category B, category C, and Category D.
Category A incursions names serious incidents experienced in the designated movement areas, and can include near misses in collisions between aircraft. Category B incursion names those incidents with reduced separation distances between aircraft and could be corrected through evasive response.Category C names incidents where ample time is needed to avoid a collision and category D includes any incident that qualifies to be referred to as runway incursion, for example, the presence of a car in the protected area.The listed categories of runway incursions reduce in severity from Category A to Category D.
All incidents beyond category A are reported as accidents and must have resulted in a collision. The website also tabulates operational incidents, pilot deviations, and vehicle or pedestrian deviation that were effected to avoid an impending accident.The article in this website offers guidance on how to minimize runway incursions. Minimizing incursion incidents involve the improvement in infrastructure, that is, lighting, marking, signage, and adapting the use of new technologies such as the use of surface detection equipment among many others mentioned in the article.