Sample Aviation Paper Case Study 3: DHL & Qantas Flight 32

Case Study 3: DHL & Qantas Flight 32

DHL over Baghdad Missile Strike

On 22 November 2003, an Airbus A300 cargo plane was struck by a surface-to-air missile causing severe wing damage thus resulting in a fire and damaged wing thus emergency landing. This essay looks at the root cause of the accident, if the flight could have made it, if the accident was preventable, if the recommendations were appropriate and lessons that can be learned, how CRM influenced the accident and what examples of CRM exist in the accident.

The root cause of the accident was a severe wing damage which was caused by a surface to air missile which resulted to the loss of the hydraulic flight control system and thus the crew made an injury free landing of the damaged aircraft using the differential engine thrust as the only pilot input. The flight could not have made it due to the severe damage to one of its wings; which play a crucial role in the propulsion of a plane. The aircraft even veered off the run way because of the complexities that developed due to the wing damage. Several components of the plane were interfered with due to the severe wing damaging thus necessitating an emergency landing.

The accident was not preventable because a missile attack on a plane was something that was unpredictable, there is little that the crew and the pilots would have done to prevent the accident after the missile attack. The recommendations that were given by various bodies that are related to aviation were appropriate because they have helped to prevent technicalities that have minimized such occurrence.

Crew resource management (CRM) influenced the accident in many ways; CRM provides the procedures which should be adhered to so as to land safely. The plane landed safely without causing many fatalities because it adhered to procedures that are provided by CRM. The pilots had undergone CRM training and thus they effectively controlled the plane despite of the damaged wing and some faulty components that developed as a result of the missile attack. The pilots utilized all the resources in their disposal to ensure that the plane landed safely due to the training that they have on crew resource management.

Qantas Flight 32

On 4 November 2010, Qantas Flight 32, route to Sydney’s Kingsford Smith Airport, suffered an uncontained engine failure four minutes after taking off from Singapore’s Changi Airport; the flight crew heard two loud explosions from the left inboard engine. The high-pressure turbine assembly inside the second engine had disintegrated thus damaging the engine and nacelle, but also the flight controls, punctured the fuel tanks, damaged the leading edge slats, severed hydraulic lines and cut six hundred and fifty wires in the lower fuselage, including vital channels between the cockpit and the engine fuel shutoff valves. The pilot made an emergency landing back at Singapore thus saving the lives of four hundred and sixty nine passengers and crew on board. This essay looks at the root cause of the accident, if the flight could have made it, if the accident was preventable, if the recommendations were appropriate and lessons that can be learned, how CRM influenced the accident and what examples of CRM exist in the accident.

The root cause of the accident was the technicalities that developed in the engines of the plane thus damaging some components that are crucial for effective flight. The complexities that developed in the engines of the plane interfered with the Flight controls, punctured the fuel tanks, damaged the leading edge slats and destroyed more than one hundred wires thus necessitating an emergence landing. The explosion that happened in one of the engines due to high pressure resulted in the damage of too many components of the plane thus forcing the pilots and the crew to work on a way that could have helped save the lives of hundreds of passengers.

The flight could have not made it because many features of the plane that enable a safe flight were damaged by the explosions. The wires that were destroyed in the pane are very crucial for a safe flight. The decision to make an emergency landing was the best because it helped to prevent other complications that might have happened should the crew have decided to continue with the flight.

The accident was preventable if the high pressure could have been checked and the engines of the plane tested before the flight took off. The incident occurred just four minutes after takeoff which is a clear manifestation that the engine of the plane was faulty and the problem could be prevented if the engine could have been tested before takeoff.

The recommendations of various bodies were appropriate, testing the engine of a plane before takeoff is a mandatory procedure that has been recommended by various bodies. This recommendation is appropriate because it has helped to reduce accidents that were widespread long time ago which were caused by faulty engines. CRM influenced the accident for the reason that the pilots used the training of CRM in their emergency landing. The pilots had undergone CRM training and thus they effectively controlled the plane despite the faulty engine and the complications in other parts of the plane.CRM helped in the reduction of further damage which could have led to more fatalities.