Four Pillars of SMS
Today’s trends in the aviation sector emphasize a proactive and predictive safety management system (SMS). SMS involves the collection and analysis of sizable volumes of data aimed at addressing safety concerns in a transparent manner. SMS can be divided into four significant pillars of safety policy, safety risk management, safety assurance, and safety promotion.
Safety policy focuses on management’s commitment and responsibility. Senior management is obliged to show commitment to their duties as reflected in existing policy statements. It also focuses on safety accountabilities, which often defines the roles of the managers and employees within organizations in the aviation sector (Stolzer, 2017). The pillar further defines the importance of coordinating emergency response whenever a situation arises. Safety risk management, on the other hand, stresses hazard identification. It establishes that airlines should maintain processes that allow easy identification of operational hazards (Maurino, 2017). The risk management pillar also emphasizes the analysis, assessment, and mitigation of individual hazards.
The safety assurance pillar focuses on safety performance monitoring and assessment. Senior operational managers are required to monitor external sources of safety as well as share the analyzed and assessed safety sources within the organization (Maurino, 2017). It also focuses on the recurring basis onsite assessment thus enabling the improvement of processes within SMS. The safety promotion pillar emphasizes effective training and education of managers and employees on their respective roles (Stolzer, 2017). It identifies safety communication as the safety manager’s pivotal role. The manager is tasked with investigating, analyzing, and assessing any operational hazard and giving feedback to the organization.
By and large, SMS has increasingly gained recognition throughout the global aviation sector. Airports must adhere to and fully implement the discussed pillars of SMS to ensure the safety of both airlines and passengers.
Maurino, D. (2017). Why SMS: An introduction and overview of safety management systems. International Transport Forum. Retrieved from https://www.itf-oecd.org/sites/default/files/why-sms.pdf
Stolzer, A. J. (2017). Safety management systems in aviation. Routledge. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.ke/books?id=Qk6rCwAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=four+pillar+of+safety+management+system-pdf&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj1_fuF8sTdAhUBkywKHZL7C0AQ6AEIJzAA#v=onepage&q=safety%20policy&f=false