Principles Of Interior Design
Interior design is the process of creating impression on the internal surfaces of objects and structures, the process is aimed at increasing the aesthetic value of structures. Additionally, it is used to pass information and instruction about a particular subject. The process of attaining an Impressive interior design is comprehensive and involving since the final design must meet the safety requirements while at the same time ensure that it meets the objective of the design. In order to accomplish the objectives of the process of interior design, different materials and tools are used to bring out the impression that is required. Additionally, to achieve a good interior design the initial design of the building is of importance in determining the general outlook of the final design. In this regard the building dimensions and the initial purpose of the building needs to be considered least the final design will be null and it is not capable of meeting the intention of the structure. This paper seeks to establish the principles and elements of interior design that are vital in achieving a perfect design, further, the paper establishes the target theme of the design process and how the theme is achieved by the various methods of design. The paper uses the case study of designing an executive living room to explain the various principles and elements of interior design.
To achieve a good interior design, it is vital to put into consideration the principles of interior design, these are the various guiding regulation that govern the process of design. These principles are intertwined and in most cases, it is difficult to satisfy all the requirement in a single design, therefore, it is important to choose the principles that will favor the king of design that is required. The space where the design is to be implemented is in the living room of a executive building. In this building it is composed of high roofs and adequate space. The target group for the design is a family setup consisting of member of different age, the age of the members vary from old people who I perceive to be grand parent to kids of age below one year. This group have very distinct preference which must be harmonized to ensure that the desire of each group is satisfied with out compromising the comfort of the other. Illustratively, kids require a large space because they are very mobile and in most cases they involve themselves in games while in the living room. Therefore, maximum free space is required to ensure that commotion is eliminated, this will ensure that risks of accidents are reduced. This is contrary to the requirement of the older group how are less mobile and therefore they do not need much space in the living room.
The first principle is unity, this principle requires that the components of the interior design are in harmony with each other and there is no clashing and contradicting applications. Further the principle requires that there is uniformity in the application of the design component and hence the final outcome should not show signs of unprofessionalism and poor workmanship. This the project, the application of colors must be chosen such that the floor, roof, and the all colors do not contradict but instead they should be in harmony and they should bring out a contrast that is satisfactory. Additionally, the components used should be able to complement one another and create an impression that the space is a living room; these elements should not cause confusion to the users of the room. In the living room consistency in the color and texture of the finish is of paramount importance, further the spacing and positioning of the furniture is vital. In the living room, the furniture should be limited, and hence only the furniture that is required is put in the room so as to ensure that minimum space is used.
Balance is another component that is important in the achievement of a good interior design of any structure. Balance is the orderliness of the distribution and arrangement of objects that are perceived to be of the same visual weight and relevance. Balance is responsible for creating an impression that is likely to last in the mind of individuals who enter the room. The most common type of techniques that are used to achieve balance in a room include symmetrical, asymmetrical, and radial design. In the symmetrical design, the room is divided into two portions and the objects that are perceived to be carrying equivalent visual weight of distributed along an imaginary central line. In the living room, a table will act as an imaginary central axis an seats will be arranged around the table in a symmetrical order, further, in the room portrait hanging on the walls will also be arranged in the symmetrical order. To enhance beauty, near the focal points or points of interest, beautiful and large portraits are placed, this is help in attracting attention and focusing the attention of the occupants into the portraits and thus creating a lasting impression.
Contrast is an attribute that is of paramount importance in the process of ensuring that an internal design is completed to perfection and that it attracts the eye of occupants and guests. Contrast is the use of distinct colors ad objects to create a mix of beauty and harmony between the different features in a room which include the furniture and the internal surfaces of the structure. Contrast can further be achieved by the use of space and forms, in the case of the living room, contrast will be achieved by utilizing the use of pillows with contrasting colors. Additionally, contrast will be achieved by use of aesthetic facilities with unique shapes, example is using circular mirror to compliment the rectangular seats in the room.
Color is another aspect of interior design that is of significance in the entire design process and the overall outcome of the design process. Color speaks alot about the mood and the atmosphere of the room, the living room is place where the atmosphere mood should relaxed. The color to be put in the entire room is plain and is preferably white on the walls and the ceiling. Plain white color is compatible with virtually all the outfits and it is simple to design it so as to produce contrast with other with other colors and furniture around the room. Additionally, white color bring a perfect contrast and visibility of portraits placed hanging on the walls and from the ceiling.