Sample Annotated Bibliography Paper on Risks Factors of Heart Disease

Risks Factors of Heart Disease

Multiple epidemiologic studies have projected that cardiovascular diseases are some of the leading causes of death across the globe. Last year, an estimated 30% of the global population died from cardiovascular related disease. The predate diagnosis by the use of echocardiography suggests that the prevalence of heart disease is accelerating among all the age groups.  Scientifically, the main causes of most of these congenital heart defects are still unknown. However, both genetic and environmental factors have been postulated to the myopathic, vascular, and arrhythmogenic cardiovascular disorders due to their familial nature (Suls et al. 167). These risk factors include hypertension, smoking, high blood cholesterol, hereditary, lack of exercise, and excess weight.  In order to prevent the continued occurrence of these heart conditions in the society, every nation requires making strong strategies and policies that will enlighten the individual, society, and the entire medical fraternity.  Therefore, there is a need for the provision of accurate and timely information on possible risk factors and the magnitude of heart diseases (Suls et al. 172).

Annotated Bibliography

Langille, Donald B., et al. “Knowledge and Awareness of Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in Canadians 55 to 74 Years of Age: Results from the Canadian Heart Health Surveys, 1986-1992.” Canadian Medical Association.Journal 161.8 (1999): S10-6. ProQuest. 17 May 2014.

This Canadian Medical Association Journal provides a descriptive cross-sectional study on the different cardiovascular associated risk factors from the provinces Heart Health Surveys in Canada. The paper aims at improving both the national and global awareness of the risk factors associated with heart disease. Using surveys, the article examines some of the major causes of heart diseases in accordance with the perceived risk factors.  The risk factors that were thoroughly investigated include hypertension, smoking, high blood cholesterol, hereditary, lack of exercise, and excess weight. The report indicated that 44% of the overall Canadian population still needs proper knowledge and awareness of the various risk factors associated with their heart diseases. Against the backdrop of the entire world community, this study indicates how the greater percentage of the world population still lacks proper information on the various risk factors associated with heart disease. The paper recommends the creation of global awareness on the various risk factors associated with heart conditions.

Suls, Jerry, and René Martin. “Heart Disease Occurs in a Biological, Psychological, and Social Matrix: Cardiac Risk Factors, Symptom Presentation, and Recovery as Illustrative Examples.” Annals of Behavioral Medicine 41.2 (2011): 164-73. ProQuest. 17 May 2014.

In order to achieve a full understanding of the various risk factors associated with heart diseases, this paper advocate for full appreciation of the confluence of micro and macro-molar variables.  The dynamic matrix approach will reveal the association of the biological, psychological, and social elements related to the risk factors.  To illustrate the association of these factors, the author draws several analyses from associated independent and collaborative research programs overlapping various risk factors, symptoms, and interpretations for cardiac care, treatment, and recovery.  To its scope, the paper reveals that there is an appreciable overlap among these issues and the conventional cardiac risks. Therefore, it recommends that recognizing somatic changes as symptoms and making an early diagnosis are more critical in dealing with these heart conditions. However, misunderstanding of the risk factors, misdiagnosis, and treatment delay may inhibit the move to create maximum effective health prevention and intervention efforts.