Research Paper Writing on Public Goods

PUBLIC GOODS

Public Goods are items that are available for use to the members of a society or nation, without them having to pay for the commodities. The public goods provision can be done by the government, a person, or a private institution such as a not for profit company (Ferroni & ‎ Mody 2002).

Public goods provision cannot be done in the market because there are individuals who even if they wanted to pay for such goods, would not be able to because of their state of economic health; such as the poor in the society. Public goods include services in various essential sectors, such as transport, health and education. Even if the government were to start charging for the provision of these services, not everyone would pay because of both service collection inconveniences, and inability of some of the members of the public to pay (Chengfang 2008). For example, street children and families do not have jobs to give them money that would enable them pay for roads, yet they use the roads. Public goods and service provision cannot be excluded to some individuals, such as streetlights; the lights cannot be switched on when some people pass by, and off after they have passed by (Touffut 2006).

The feature of public goods being non rivalrous makes them difficult for private companies to produce since the profits that they would gain are negligible if any. The cost of production would equal the cost that is gained; therefore making the provision a waste of resources for organizations that are in business for profit. Governments are able to produce public goods because they charge taxes to the nationals of their countries (Batina ‎& Ihori 2006). Therefore, they use some of the money collected from the taxes to cater to the public goods and services provision.

            Health is another example of public goods that are available in the market where everyone benefits regardless of their social status in the society. Health is essential yet expensive because of the equipment and skill used especially for highly complicated cases (Brousseau, Dedeurwardere & Siebenhuner 2012).

The police service is another example of a public good that is available to the members of the public especially traffic police officers. The level of traffic provision services is similar to all the members of the public regardless of the type of motor vehicle that they drive.

The National Health Care System in the UK

The National Health care system in the UK is a public good because its access is not restricted to the members of the public based on their social or economic status. The government provides it to the members of the public through the taxes paid to the government. Over 81% of the health provision services to the UK nationals are made available by the government through funding by taxes collected from the public (Morris 2006). Limitations exist to certain developed medical procedures that the government health care system cannot fund. Such services would have to be accessed through private insurance companies or private funding from the patients’ own money.

Critics of a government funded health care system feel that it is not of high quality in terms of its delivery. The health care practitioners such as doctors and nurses might be overwhelmed by the high number of individuals they have to serve. Therefore, they may fail to take their time in delivering needed services. Most health care practitioners feel overworked and cite that the compensation they get in form of salaries is not equivalent to the work that they do. This factor might result in a few individuals enrolling into health related courses, which in turn creates shortage of health care workers (Morris 2006).

References

Batina, ‎R., Ihori, T., 2006.Public Goods: Theories and Evidence. New York: Springer.

Brousseau, E., Dedeurwaerdere, T., Siebenhüner, B., 2012. Reflexive Governance for

Global Public Goods. Cambridge (MA): MIT Press.

Chengfang, L., 2008. Policy Reforms, Governance, and the Provision of Public Goods and

Services. New York: Proquest.

Ferroni, M., ‎ Mody, A., 2002. International Public Goods: Incentives, Measurement, and

Financing. New York: Springer.

Morris, Z. S., 2006. Policy Futures for UK Health. UK: Radcliffe. 

Touffut, J.P., 2006. Advancing Public Goods. Northampton: Edward elgar.