Research Paper Writing Help on Healthcare



Many operation flaws led to the death of the two firefighters. First, the crew that was deployed for the activity was inadequate. The standard operating procedures require that be a minimum of four firefighters on the scene before starting to fight fire in the interior. The rule of two out and two in was not followed; there was one out and two in. If adequate members had provided, the operation would have been safe and effective.

The victim firefighters entered the hazardous area without respiratory protections at first even though they had seen smoke coming out of the residence. Even though they returned to don themselves with the SCBA, findings of the report indicate that they did not put on the masks. They were found kneeling with their masks off. From the report, the firefighters of Engine Company 63 did not follow the hose line into the smoke filled residence. They entered the building through the front door into the living room, and then dinning, and finally the breakfast room where they died.

The developments toward this incidence may indicate that there could have been negligence on the side of the dead firefighters to using the SCBA. It is also evident that the victims of this incident started to fight the fire before ensuring that all the exits were forced open. The rare residence door and windows were closed. As a result, there was no enough ventilation to release the smoke that filled the basement area. The third firefighter of engine 63 could also not locate them. He did not know where exactly his company was. The breakfast room where the victims had died was filled with smoke and even visibility was poor.  There was no vertical ventilation according to the standard operating procedures for fire fighting. Heat, smoke and fire attack must be coordinated with ventilation.

The 63 fire victims also had the challenge of communication breakdown. Their portable radio was off and would not communicate when they were contacted. They failed to switch the gadget on. Fitted with the ability to sense danger, this gadget would have sensed the intensity of smoke and alerted them to escape or avoid entering the smoke filled room. The gadget would have also sent an alarming signal to their rescue from the fire station since they were stuck in the breakfast room. It could also be true that the victims did not check whether the portable radio worked before they left the station. They also ignored to check if the radio worked before they entered the residence on fire.

There is need to learn from this incident. As safety and health program officer, I would recommend periodic trainings and drilling activities to keep the crew attentive incase need arises.  The drilling must be done in accordance to the NFPA 1620 standards. Other trainings must be conducted according to the NFBA 1403 guidelines. The drilling activities must include the use of personal protective equipment.  The knowledge and use SBCA must be mandatory regardless of the size of the fires involved. A fire suppression fighter must wear this equipment once they are within an area that is considered hazardous. The SCBA equipment must be modern and fitted with voice amplifiers for internal communication. As I mentioned above, I would recommend that leaders conduct regular evaluations on effectiveness of the SCBA. The portable radio should comply with the NFPA 1221 standard.  Trainers must keep proper documents on the same. This is vital to ensuring effectiveness in the event of fire tragedies. 

I would also ensure that the standard procedures of firefighting are strictly followed. The IC or the lieutenant amongst other officers who arrive first on the scene not involve on firefighting activities. This should be strictly followed especially when they are assuming their roles of directing and commanding those who are under them. The IC/ Lieutenants should be able to make tactical decisions on the ground. They must be able to weigh up their decisions so that the suppression crew is remains effective in the operations. The tasks competed by the commanding lieutenants must be reported and documented as it is required.  The firefighters must not oppose the hose line when conducting external attack. None of these requirements should be left aside for the purpose of success in the field.

 The defensive and offensive suppression must not be done at the same time. This is to avoid confusion as competing roles may even be a recipe for disaster. Firefighters must be prohibited from the use of substance and alcohol any time they are on duty. They must be sober, stable in the mind and to make sound judgments all times including moments of emergence. Finally, I would ensure that firefighters understand the importance of following the procedures in the field. This will help cultivate responsibility and discipline in following procedures and using personal protective equipment as appropriate. Safety begins with handling the little details in the field of assignment. Ensuring that all firefighters embrace the importance of procedures will be the beginning of success for this group.