Research Paper Help on Statistics for Toxicity of Supplement

Statistics for toxicity of supplement

Many supplements have active ingredients that may have strong negative effects on the body. When one is misinformed, the outcomes may be severe. Overdose on vitamins and minerals from food are extremely rare, where supplements have side effects of every vitamin taken. One of them is taking vitamin C, which is more than a gram may cause diarrhea due to increasing in levels of acidity. A large amount of zinc intake reduces iron and copper ability to absorb the blood. It may result in a decrease in immunity, anemia and heart difficulties.  (Combs, pg. 499, 2012),adds that toxicity in Iron supplement is prevalent, even in small doses above the suggested dietary intake. Too much of it may cause stomach upsets, fatigue, joint pains and even feeling nauseated. Excess vitamin B6, causes nerve damages, affecting impairment of position and vibration senses. Vitamin A taken in surplus can be both chronic and severe. Severe cases may include birth defects, changes in color of skin and hair, and abnormal liver tests (Frankenburg, pg.111, 2009). Birth defects occur when women are receiving isotretinoin, which is a treatment for acne, when they are pregnant.

Benefits of supplement

A good number of supplements are not dangerous, and some of them have factual health gains. Supplements are designed to supplement daily take of nutrients, mostly vitamins and minerals. Additional nutrients are needed when it lacks in your diet, and when certain health conditions develop some insufficiency or deficiency. (Dickinson, pg.4, 2012), states that a large percentage of older adults do not consume sufficient amounts of nutrients from only foods.  One of the best scientific developments is the unveiling of folic acid supplement. Folic acid protects pregnant women against serious delivery problems during childbearing and at some stage in pregnancy. Women becoming pregnant consume about 400 ug of folate daily from supplements. Folate is found in green vegetables and some tropical fruits, but it may not be sufficient in reducing birth defects. Supplements are essential to guarantee that there is a decrease.

Furthermore, supplements have been revealed to improve immunity in the elderly.  Elderly are more prone to infectious diseases and improved nutrition boost disease resistance among them.( Dickinson, pg.5, 2012) Affirms that a study conducted in New Jersey on the elderly people taking supplements  resulted in stronger immune system and higher blood levels. According to (Life science weekly, pg. 2, 2014) an increase in the amount of nutrients, antioxidant vitamins, may result in an improvement in health and lead to an improved prolonged existence. Moreover, many scientists believe that antioxidants nutrients are responsible for protective effects and are seen to reduce risks of many types of cancer.

Healthy people don’t need supplement, like vitamin c at daily. People can get vitamin or other essential from health food

Individuals take supplements for various reasons, mostly in relation to their health conditions. It is in the hope of boosting energy levels, reducing ageing, prolong life, and cut threats of chronic ailments such as cancer and arthritis. According to (Nichter,pg.178, 2008), a third of the population living in the United States take vitamin, minerals or dietary supplements on a daily basis. It is observed that the reason behind this is for health and well being. There Is no straight answer to whether or not we should take supplements, and if natural foods are the best alternative.

The body requires vitamins in the body in order to function, and in small quantities. Our bodies cannot make these substances; mostly vitamin D. The most effective technique of getting enough vitamins is by consuming an assorted and balanced diet.  It includes one having starchy meals in abundance, vegetables, fruits, and sources of protein such as fish. The following are the exemptions for taking the pills; people aged 65 and above, pregnant women needing folic acid, children aged six months to 5 years and in the case of a medical condition. Individuals that are outside the grouping don’t need vitamins because they are already produced in their diet.

How to correctly use supplements

Supplements have ingredients that have strong biological effects on the body, and it could either be hazardous, harmful or have complications on your body. A number of of them have effects before, all through, and after surgery. One should, for this reason, consult their health care provider on the supplements that they are taking. Combining supplements can hurt your body unless they are prescribed. One should not substitute supplements for prescription medicines because they do not work, in the same way. In addition, taking too many supplements such as vitamin A, D, and iron can have life-threatening results (Goston, pg 610, 2010).

The best way to take protein supplements is right after workouts because that is when one’s muscles need nutrition for recovery and growth. Before one goes to bed is also an important time to take the protein because that is 6-8 hours without eating. Before buying any supplement, one has to be sure that it has been certified by an organization that verifies supplements safety. One should additionally check out the nutrient level because it is unsafe to exceed the tolerable upper intake level.  Nutritional supplements should be taken when one has eaten. It is because food releases stomach acid, which is essential for maximum consumption and amalgamation of the nutrients.


Combs, J. G. F. (2012). The Vitamins. Burlington: Elsevier Science.

Frankenburg, F. R. (2009). Vitamin discoveries and disasters: History, science, and controversies. Santa Barbara, Calif: Praeger/ABC-CLIO.

Dickinson, A., Bonci, L., Boyon, N., & Franco, J. C. (2012). Dietitians use and recommend dietary supplements: Report of a survey. Nutrition Journal, 11, 14.

Life science research; new nutrient research study findings have been reported by researchers at University of Guelph (the role of FADS1/2 polymorphisms on cardiometabolic markers and fatty acid profiles in young adults consuming fish oil supplements). (2014). Life Science Weekly, 2756. Retrieved from

Nichter, M., & Thompson, J. J. (2008). For my wellness, not just my illness: North Americans’ use of dietary supplements. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, 30(2), 175-222.

Goston, J. L., & Toulson, D. C. (2010). Intake of nutritional supplements among people exercising in gyms and influencing factors.Nutrition, 26(6), 604-11.