From the late 1970s, the Senegalese farmers faced adverse efforts of successive droughts coupled with reduced rainfall and increased land degradation. In spite of main efforts from governmental agencies, the agricultural production reliant on traditional rainfall could not enjoy improved productivity. However, the commitment of researchers and the community came up with strong adaptation and mitigation projects. The projects were aimed at promoting the agricultural productions in Senegal. Senegal faced a problem in protecting the environment as well as ensuring improved food quality and availability. The main challenges affects the food quality in Senegal was the social and environmental effects. However, climate change was described as the main problem affecting agricultural production and productivity in Senegal. Figures by (Liu et al. 120) indicate that in 2011 14.2 per cent of agricultural produces were underweight. In 2013, there was 30 per cent increase in agricultural production and environmental transformation in Senegal.
Recently, Senegal has received close to $ 86 million from the World Bank for promoting commercial agriculture. The financing has seen an improvement of commercial agriculture in the county boosting sustainable land protection and management as well as preservation water and forest. With improved agriculture programs, the overall environmental spectrum is transformed. The government of Senegal is devoted towards irrigating between 400, 000 hectares to 800,000 hectares in the coming years. The recent Dakar irrigation seems has offered various environmental benefits includes fertile soils, reducing climate change effects as well as improving the access to water.
In order to respond the adverse climate effects, the agricultural programs in Senegal have helped to promote productivity among the rural community. The new farming approaches helps in creating appropriate environment for sustainable environmental status. The combined agricultural efforts comprises of cropping systems protecting the agricultural lands from the windstorms as well as promoting soil fertility. Thus, the empowered famers have transformed the erratic farming regions into favorable environments for high agricultural production (Liu et al. 120).
Liu, Pascal, et al. Trends and impacts of foreign investment in developing country agriculture: evidence from case studies. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), 2013.