Research Paper Help on Problem Analysis Triangle

Problem Analysis Triangle

Components of Problem Analysis Triangle

The problem analysis triangle is made up of three main sides that include the offender, the target, and location or place (Guzman, Das & Das, 2013).


Additional components have been generated to control the three main components mentioned above.  An example from the target perspective would be covered by the outer triangle that includes the guardian to the primary formulation of the routine activity theory (Guzman, Das & Das, 2013).  The guardians are people who closely relate to the victim/ target, and surround them at any given time. They endeavour to protect and defend themselves from criminal invasions and may include colleagues, family, workers, friends, and other surrounding people.

Offenders include people in the life of the offender who know him/her very well and can be categorized as handlers. They are people who are in a position to influence the offender based on familiarity grounds. The category includes teachers, parents, mentors, and friends, among other persons.

Place refers to the environment controlled by a manager or a person who is in charge of that particular environment (Guzman, Das & Das, 2013). These may include managers at a workplace, teachers at school or any person given the responsibility to take charge and direct juniors or subordinates.

The problem triangle is an important way of analysing crime issues. Crime occurs when the elements of the inner triangle that are target, place, and offender are present, and the outer components are either absent or weak, thus providing a loophole for crime to occur. Therefore, it is an important way of analysing crime to know which other component is weak in order to find a way to strengthen it and be able to curb the crime. We should be able to analyze and know what was there and what did not exist before and after the crime.

It is important to understand the problem analysis triangle because it is essential to know what creates crime that is majorly linked to the opportunities that present themselves leading to the occurrences of crime and crime issues. For example, when the target is vulnerable, the place should be considered. The place can be changed or the handlers can have more responsibilities to ensure that they are not prone to crime (Guzman, Das & Das, 2013). Additionally, the offenders should not get an opportunity to commit the crime.

This triangle is useful in public offices like police in preventing the occurrences of crime. The police, often the guardian, should act in protecting the victim from the offense. This includes taking away the offenders from the environment through arrest or providing an environment that will not give offenders the opportunity to commit crime by increasing surveillance.


Guzman, M., Das A., & Das, D. (2013). The Evolution of Policing: Worldwide Innovations and Insights. New York: CRC Press.