Research Paper Help on Cellular Manufacturing

Cellular Manufacturing

            Thisis a workplace design model, which has become an essential part in the manufacturing systems and it is based upon the principles of Group Technology (GT). The history of cellular manufacturing goes back in the 1920s when Flanders proposed GT and later adopted by Mitrofanov of Russia in 1933. According to Irani (97), GT is a technique grouping of all the resources (people, supplies, and equipment) required to manufacture a part of a product. The cell resources are placed in close proximity to increase communication and transparency.

            The principle of GT is mainly to split the manufacturing facility into small groups called ‘cells’of machines for which CMis often used in this respect. The cells enable materials sit in an initial queue as they enter the various sections. They can be used either in the manufacturing sectors or for management roles. Every cell is responsible for its own internal control of quality, ordering, and record keeping with the idea of placing the responsibility of these tasks on those who are most acquainted with the situation and are able to fix any problems (Feld 143).

There are two types of cells, that is, the Product Cell that delivers a finished product to one or to a few clients. In this case as well, the team members assemble, test, package, and ship the product. Another type is Process Cell in which the services multiple customers and completes multiple operations on a variety of products.

            Hyer, Nancy, and urban (102) defines Job shop production or Process-oriented as a layout that mostly deals with low-volume and high-variety production. In this case, similar machines are organized in “work-shops”. In Cellular Manufacturing or work cell layout, the machineries are arranged and equipped mainly to focus on the production of one particular product or group of related products. The Line Assembly arranges the working systems based on the work plans of the goods to be used to enhance uniformity. It arranges the work system uniformly according to their positions in the work plans of the products to be produced, which is usually linear.  

Works Cited

Feld, William M. Lean Manufacturing: Tools, Techniques, and How to Use Them. Boca Raton: St. Lucie Press, 2000. Print.

Hyer, Nancy L, and Urban Wemmerlöv. Reorganizing the Factory: Competing Through Cellular Manufacturing. Portland: Productivity Press, 2002. Print.

Irani, Shahrukh A. Handbook of Cellular Manufacturing Systems. New York: Wiley, 1999. Print.