Psychology Essay Sample Paper on U06 DF

U06 DF

Part 1

Wellness Model

            One of influential wellness model is the Wheel of Wellness, which is a theoretical based model. This model was developed as continual model basically based on individual psychology on Adler’s framework (Myers et al., 2001). In this model, spirituality was factored as the significant part and foundation of wellness. Spirituality was defined as the revelation of meaning, purpose, optimization, and connection that people get in relation to their lives. The life tasks of this model involves significant development of high-level of functioning in the areas of spirituality, self-regulations, occupation and hobby, companionship, and love (Myers et al, 2001).

            This model influences counselors approach in the sense that keen attention is paid in the main areas considered to influence a person’s well being (Meier, 2011). Considering spirituality in approaching different issues in counseling practice offers desirable results, which might not be realized through physical consideration.

            The other life task is Indivisible Self Model, which normally provides direction and discipline in pursuit of long-term goals and the daily activities in a person’s life (Corey, 2013). This task creates genuine sense of mindfulness, which enables people to accomplish major tasks in life. There are several sub-tasks, which are associated with self-direction, which includes critical thinking, self-discipline, self-worth, understanding emotions, pragmatic beliefs, coping mechanisms, drollness, self-care, isometric, gender identity, and cultural identity. Developing these tasks enables positive personality and promotes stress free personality.

Key Philosophies of the Counseling Profession

            Counseling professions is composed three important philosophies, which includes wellness, resilience, and prevention (Illovsky, 2013). These three philosophies provide basic ideas and necessary strategies required in making necessary interventions in counseling process. The basic characteristic of a marriage and family therapist are comparable to those of addiction counselor in diagnosis process but differs in some way when providing treatment to the clients. Counselors make use of wellness model in order to approach client’s issues appropriately and realize solution at the end of counseling session. Strength-based counseling is affected through personal model of resilience, which enables the clients to have control of their own lives, have awareness of the surrounding, and most importantly develop necessary potential to express their emotions better (Nevo & Wiseman, 2002).

How Key Philosophies are Developed

            However, proper integration of the body, mind, and spirit is vital in achieving holistic wellbeing (Illovsky, 2013). Along with wellness, counseling philosophy has also creates focus on resilience which is considered to be the vehicle through which people can achieve wellness. Implementation of resilience is done through creating emphasis on personal weaknesses and strengths. On the hand, prevention measures are vital in controlling continuation of pervasive life issues or serious mental illness.

My Preferred Counseling Specialization

            Mental Health Counseling is a wide area of specialization in which counselors help, guide and support people with troubles in coping emotionally or mentally. Normally, people encounter different challenges in life that subject them to different frustrations. In the endeavors to achieve happiness, people subject themselves in the line of career life (Kraus et al, 2010). Majority of the people find it challenging to balance family life and career life at the same time and therefore find themselves mentally challenged by different situations in life. Mental health counselors can deliver people who in the verge of suicidal missions through professional therapies to help the mentally ill person to recover.

Historical Background of MHC

            For many years, there were counselors who administered different functions in the society to ensure wellbeing of individuals. However, only recently have they formed concrete development through collaboration to form association. In the late 19th century, counseling professionals emerged as a result increased need for counseling out of social reform movement and industrial revolution. One of the great leaders in the enforcement of vocational guidance was Frank Parsons who launched the first Bureau of Vocational Guidance in Boston in 1900s (Palmo et al, 2006). The bureau assisted people to know suitable career through considering their personal traits and skill. Clifford Beers, a vocal and prominent leader in mental health movement, created a new paradigm by establishing the first, mental health clinic in United States in 1913. Most notably, the consequence of World War created a necessary demand for advancement of mental health counseling. The world war resulted to many metal related cases compelling USVA (United States Veteran Administration) to fund training of psychologist and counselors. The APGA (American Personal and Guidance Association) which later become the ACA (American Counseling Association) was formed after World War II, in 1952. Its mission was to provide professional services and guidance in mental related problems (Palmo et al, 2006).

Other Counseling Specialization that Works Well with MHC

            Marriage and family counseling (MFC) can suitable fit in my broad administration of counseling service. The fact that there are major changes in the society, which have greatly affected family setup, great attention created on these issues, has seen emergency of many modern counselors. Rampant rise in family conflicts, which have seen increased divorce cases, has been significant ground to nurture my counseling knowledge. I intend to provide solution that can alter the family course from falling apart and create a sense of understanding and happiness, through my specialization in Mental Health Counseling (MHC). The family is the backbone of the society, and when its crumbles or weakens, the stability of the entire society is compromised. It is therefore imperative to empower couples in order to build and maintain healthy relationship in families and society at large.

Historical Background of MFC

            Marriage and family counseling, as a widely practiced professional within the Western cultures can be considered to have found its origin in the social work movements in 19th century, in United States and England (Corey, 2013). Family counseling found strong support in 1929 to 1932 when marital clinics were opened to provide educational guidance to couples. In 1931, publication of first marital therapy paper was published providing vital information that was used in advancement of mental health counselling (Corey, 2013). During these days, there was marginalization of theory due to lack of committed theorists, along with lack of distinctions form individual analysis. The official creation of family counseling dates to the 1940s, a period that saw formation of AAMC (American Association of Marriage Counselors), through the support of various autonomous groups and clinicians. In England the key person include John Bowlby of Tavistock Clinic, while in United States they includes, Theodore Lidz, Christian Midelfort, John Bell, Murray Bowen, Nathan Ackermen, Hungary, and Carl Whitaker. These people began meeting family members for therapy sessions and making observations in order to draw strong evidence from those cases. At first there was strong pressure originating from social psychiatry and psychoanalysis, and there after, from behaviour therapy and learning theory, and most importantly these clinicians started articulating different theories about functioning and nature of family as an institution of marriage (Myers, Sweeney & Witmer, 2001).

            However, formal interventions with persons to assist families and individuals experiencing various kinds of issues have been a practiced throughout the history by many cultures. These interventions in most cases involved formal ritual or procedures and in other occasions involved the extended family along with non-kin members of a particular community. As a result of emergence of different specialization in the society at that time, special interventions were handled by special members of the society, such as chief and priest.

Part 2

            Paul is a client experiencing mental issue that requires proper assessment in order to create appropriate approach to help him recover. The fact that Paul turns out for help from professionals is a clear indication that he is willing to change though he lacks the best approach to come out his problem. As a result of engaging in combat zone, there are definite challenges that might have affected his normal life. Physical manifestations such as frequent drinking and feeling anxiousness are symptoms, which can be used to evaluate the disorder that the client might be suffering from. It is important to analyze the environment, which Paul interacts with, in the family and work place in order to identify the reason behind his reaction

            In this case, it can be generalized anxiety disorder, which is revealed through by feelings of anxiety. In such a case, depression can make a person to start behaving very different from his/her normal habits. In most cases, people turn to fantasy to break out from the reality, which may in turn subject them to more troubles and lack of satisfaction in life (Thomas & Gibbons, 2009).

Professions that Can Help

            Different professional can be consulted to handle Paul’s case because it does not only affect Paul alone but also his family. His wife is concerned with his condition, which seems to affect their family life. In this case, a professional in marriage and family counseling can also be consulted in the verge to bring a permanent solution in the family. It is also imperative to get help from depression counselor, in order to assist Paul recover from depression related symptoms. These are normally professional trained to handle physical, emotional, and mental problems that might compel a person to act in a way, which may be considered abnormal.

Outside Agency That Could Assist

            One of the agencies where this client can find help is in spiritual agencies. Spiritual agencies administer spiritual guidance to people, which ultimately assures wellbeing in spiritual matters. As the Wheel of Wellness model indicates, spiritual concern is the central element that determines a person’s wellness. A good example of this agency is the Catholic Family Service Incorporation, which offers a wide variety of wellness and mental health services. Another outside agency that supports wellness initiative is Comtrea Incorporation. These agencies provide professional healthy brain initiatives that can be significant in assisting Paul to recover from his mental illness.


Corey, G. (2013). Case approach to counseling and psychotherapy. Belmont, CA: Thomson-Brooks/Cole.

Illovsky, M. E. (2013). Foundations of counseling people: A guide for the counseling, psychological, and helping professions. Springfield, Ill: Charles C. Thomas.

Kraus, R., Stricker, G., & Speyer, C. (2010). Online counselling: A handbook for mental health professionals. London: Academic.

Meier, A. (2011). Counselling and therapy techniques: Theory and practice. London: SAGE.

Myers, J., Sweeney, T., & Witmer, J. M. (2001). Optimization of behavior: Promotion of wellness. In D. Locke, J. Myers, & E. Herr (Eds.), The handbook of counseling, (pp. 641-652). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Nevo & Wiseman. (2002) “Incorporating Short Term Dynamic Psychotherapy Principles into Career Counseling: A Theoretical and Practical Approach,” from the Journal of Career Development, volume 28, issue 4, pages 227–245.

Palmo, A. J., Weikel, W. J., & Borsos, D. P. (2006). Foundations of mental health counseling. Springfield, Ill: Charles C Thomas.

Thomas & Gibbons. (2009) “Narrative Theory: A Career Counseling Approach for Adolescents of Divorce,” from Professional School Counseling, volume 12, issue 3, pages 223–229.