Philosophy Essay Paper on Family, State, and Child Maltreatment. Lanham


  • Procreate- It is the act of bearing children by parents (Person 196).
  • Relativism-This forms an individual sense and belief of parenthood as outlined by the community he or she lives in. It affects the behavior of an individual (Person 197).
  • Progeny-child bearing that results from sexual interaction between a male and a female couple (Person 198).
  • Nurturance-this is where parents assumes the responsibility of bringing up their offspring (McFall 208).
  • Maltreat-refers to improper parenting methods that denies a child the right norms and attitude required by the community (McFall 210).
  • Perpetuated- refers to determination of the result of an activity (McFall 217).
  • Liberal claptrap- an attempt by one party to make assumption that what he or she believes is true (Scales 229).
  • Miniature-describes the ability to make informed decision by parties involved (Scales 230).
  • Psychic reward- it is satisfaction that comes as a result of service delivery by parent to his or her child (Scales 231).

Yvette person in his writing outlines the connection between a parent and a child. He stresses that parent responsibility is not defined by the biological connection rather by conventions that bids parents to their child. However, an intention in child bearing with the help of assisted reproductive technology by parents’ accords the acceptor the responsibility to care and provide for the child. The theme brought about in this case denotes the parenting responsibility connected to biological connection.

Michael McFall on the other hand stipulates and creates insinuation and the need to license parenting despite biological connection. Child rearing is the responsibility of the parents who bore him or her more so to the community. However, biological attributes supersedes parental love and the act of licensing parenting.

Lastly, Stephen scales defines parenting rights as being a product of moral parenthood. This is because of the fact that biological connections do not automatically bind the parents to care for the child. Moral sense of possession is what parents subscribe to when referring to the right of parenting.

Works Cited

McFall, Michael T. Licensing Parents: Family, State, and Child Maltreatment. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2009. Print.

Person, Yvette. Making Parents, Conventions, Intention and biological connection. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. Print.

Scales, Stephen. Inter generational justice and care in parenting. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars, 2010. Print.