Nursing Research Paper Essay on Nosocomial Infections in ICU

Nosocomial Infections in ICU

Abstract

Nosocomial infections are some of the hospital-acquired infections that affect postoperative patients in the ICU. Nosocomial infections are the cause of thirty percent of the deaths that occur in the ICU.

Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to examine the cause and the prevention mechanism for Nosocomial infections among postoperative patients in the intensive care unit (ICU).

Design and Methods: The study will use a sample of two hundred patients who are in ICU undergoing treatment after a surgical procedure. Only patients diagnosed with the postoperative sepsis will be included in the study. The research will take place for a period of three months to ensure the validity of the results. The research will make use of both questionnaires and observation to collect the required data. 

Plan: the plan will entail a treatment and a physical layout process. Nurses will use specific antibiotics for patients who have undergone surgical procedures to avoid wrong prescription. Additionally, the plan involves creating enough room at the ICU to avoid infections.

Implementation and Evaluation: After diagnosis, nurses will employ safety mechanisms, such as providing the right antibiotics to patients and the provision of enough space in the ICU.

Analysis and evaluation: the evaluation process includes the observation of the rate of infection and the cost of care after the intervention.

Keywords: ICU, Nosocomial, postoperative patients

Nosocomial Infections in ICU

Literature Review

            Nosocomial infections are some of the hospital-acquired infections that affect postoperative patients in the ICU. Research indicates that Nosocomial infections are the cause thirty percent of the deaths that occur in the ICU. For instance, people undergoing heart surgery are more susceptible to the condition because they have to spend a lot of time under intubation. The condition is rather prevalent in developing nations because of staffing problems and economic instability that hospitals in such nations face (Ahmed, 2012).

The infection occurs in two stances, either at the onset of the treatment or during post-treatment care. According to previous research, the major risk factors for Nosocomial infection among postoperative patients are the duration of the intubation period, and the rate of readmission (Ahmed, 2012). Additionally, diseases such as diabetes increase the risk of Nosocomial infections. As such, different hospitals employ varied approaches to the prevention, and the treatment of the conditions depending on the risk factors involved (Lola & Petrou, 2011).

Design and Method

            The researcher will use a sample of two hundred patients who have undergone various types of surgeries to determine the causes and the levels of infection. The researcher will collect wound swabs from the selected patients, which will undergo various microbiological testing. The swabs will be collected before the wounds are redressed to avoid interfering with the results (Ahmed, 2012).

Proposed Plan

            The intervention plan will entail nurses using specific antibiotics to treat different infections while ensuring enough spacing between patient beds. Nurses will diagnose each case differently to avoid poor antibiotic selection. All patients in the ICU who have undergone any surgical procedure will be diagnosed for Nosocomial infection. The hospital will ensure that patients in ICU have enough space from one another to prevent the spread of the infection (Lola & Petrou, 2011).

Implementation and the Evaluation of the Practice

To implement the plan, the hospital will collaborate with home care services to prevent overcrowding in the ICU. Additionally, the nurses will work together with different professionals in the hospital to ensure that patients are given the right antibiotics after surgery.To evaluate the plan, the researcher will consider the cost of care and the rate of infection after the intervention.

References

Ahmed, M. (2012). Prevalence of Nosocomial wound infection among postoperative patients and antibiotics patterns at teaching hospital in Sudan. N Am J Med Sci, 4 (1), 29-34.

Lola, I. & Petrou, A. (2011). Are there independent predisposing factors for postoperative infections following open-heart surgery? Journal of cardiothoracic surgery, 6 (1), 151.