Critique of a qualitative article
White and Ferszt’s (2009) study titled, “Exploration of nurse practitioner practice with clients who are in grief” is a qualitative study that is both exploratory and descriptive in nature. The study seeks to investigate the assessment, evaluation, and plan of health care outcomes of grieving clients by NPs (nurse practitioners). The choice of this type of research design is thus fitting as it enables the nurse practitioners being interviewed to describe their clinical practice to the researcher and in this way, provide vital information regarding how they assess, evaluate, and make interventions when handling grieving clients.
The sample size for this study included nine nurse practitioners drawn from a health care facility that offers primary care to clients who are undergoing grieving for someone significant in their lives (White & Ferszt, 2009). The nurse practitioners were renowned for providing comprehensive primary care to clients.
To collect data from the sample population, the researcher administered semi-structured auditaped interviews. This was an ideal tool for data collection as the study was based on qualitative data. The auditaped interviews would thus enable the participants to describe in detail how they assessed, evaluated, and made interventions on their clients. Being semi-structured, the participants were also not confined in terms of the answers that they provided and based it on their individual experiences.
Data analysis was based on qualitative content analysis. This is a widely used technique in qualitative research. It is the preferred tool for analysing qualitative data owing to its flexibility, in addition to giving us more insights and a better understanding of the phenomenon being studied.
The study is both credible and reliable. On the issue of credibility, the study is based on established research methods ideal for qualitative research. It is also based on random sampling of the participants, thereby reducing researcher bias. In terms of reliability, the authors have reported the processes involved in the study in detail, meaning that it would be much easier for another researcher to replicate the study elsewhere.
White, P., & Ferszt, G (2009). Exploration of nurse practitioner practice with clients who are
grieving. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 21(4), 231-240.