Nursing Essay Sample Paper on Crisis Intervention

Crisis Intervention

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

The study of the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has not been exhausted, particularly on prevalence and comorbidity. The extent at which the risk of PTSD is increased by interpersonal violence has also remained understudied. This type of mental disorder is demonstrated through intrusive memory, emotional avoidance, and intensified physiological arousal, due to an exposure to a distressing event (Lenz, Bruijn, Serman & Bailey, 2014).  PTSD results from a mixture of inherited mental health risks that include anxiety and depression, and life experiences, which include the trauma that an individual may have gone through during childhood.

PTSD symptoms may begin to develop after three months since the occurrence of a traumatic event, and people who experience high stress magnitude and unpredictability have higher chances of developing PTSD. The pathognomonic features of PTSD include frequent occurrence of depression, memory loss, upsetting dreams, and poor functioning in both social and family life. A person with PTSD may exhibit negative feelings about him/herself, as well as losing interest in activities that he/she used to enjoy. Restricted peer relations, poor academic achievement, and difficulty in sustaining employment, are some of the traits of a person with PTSD (Lenz et al, 2014).

Treatment of PTSD necessitates a mixture of psychological and pharmacological actions.  A careful assessment of PTSD patient is necessary before treatment, since not all trauma results to PTSD. Assessing safety, as well as suicide risks is essential in the ongoing treatment while inpatient and outpatient programs should be considered concerning the severity and comorbidity of treatment (Sareen, 2014). During the follow ups of PTSD, doctors should encourage patients to avoid being alone, and make an effort to read, exercise, or attend some gatherings. Eating a well-balanced diet is critical in suppressing the illness while having adequate sleep can boost individual’s health. Stress inoculation training can be administered during follow up to assist in breathing control, relaxation, and cognitive restructuring (Wilson, Friedman & Lindy, 2012). Getting involved in voluntary services can help patients to recover from PTSD.

References

Lenz, S., Bruijn, B., Serman, N. S., & Bailey, L. (2014). Effectiveness of Cognitive Processing Therapy for Treating Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 36(4), 360-376.

Sareen, J. (2014). Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Adults: Impact, Comorbidity, Risk Factors, and Treatment. Canadian Journal Of Psychiatry, 59(9), 460-467.

Wilson, J. P., Friedman, M. J., & Lindy, J. D. (2012). Treating psychological trauma and PTSD. New York, NY: Guilford Press.