Literature Essay Paper on Franz Kafka’s “The Metamorphosis”

            Franz Kafka’s “The Metamorphosis” is a story that demonstrates ability, supremacy, and surveillance as components in family relationships.  The narrative is classified as a literal masterpiece because of its demonstration of fantasy.  Kafka uses Gregor Samsa to transform him from a human being to an insect so that he would dissociate the relationship with his father. In the story, the reader is not informed about the consequences that transformed Gregor into an insect.  The immediate reaction from the family members and his supervision at the workplace is horrible. Here, it is obvious that transformation is a phenomenon that can instill fear in the society and completely dissociate any form of relationship. As such, it is clear that the author used transformation to escape any form of oppressive associations with the family. However, none of the family members or Gregor’s colleagues thought of any way he would be treated back to his human form. Consequently, they try to adjust to live with his new found form although it is not easy. The major conflict in the story is integrating the human thoughts and perception to those of his new found form.  Since none of the characters in the story thought of any cure for reversing Gregor’s state, the transformation does not alter the thought of the reader because his behavior does not change.

            Gregor did not change his ideals and character as he underwent the novella of the metamorphosis.  In his both states, he endured perseverance in whatever humiliation he was subjected. For example, Grete discovered that he required more space to roam in his bedroom and she decided to remove the future. This was not well to the satisfaction of Gregor, but he never protested the decision to remove the furniture from his bedroom. Similarly, during his father’s business downfall, he accepted to be the breadwinner for the family, despite being forced to accept a hard job as a salesperson. Even after the worst happened to him, Gregor never resorted to any kind of remedy that would reverse the situation, but instead he remained calm and thought of how he would live in his new form.  This implies that the story would have practically remained the same even if the Gregor’s situation would be reversed.

            In his initial stages after the transformation, Gregor still feels that it is his responsibility to continue being a bread winner even in that insect body state. He strongly wanted to undertake his duties at work to support his family as normal. It required a deeper thought for him to make up his mind that he would no longer provide for his family or even move out of his new form. However, the new form becomes a major factor in his psychology. This is demonstrated in the context where he found refuge in dark places or beneath the furniture just like insects, but this was limited by the size of his body. He assumes crawling over the walls as his newfound hobby. However, his sense of humanity is still relevant with the new insect form. This is because at times he still remembers times when he was still a human as demonstrated during the event of removing furniture from his bedroom. Ideally, the removal of furniture would make him more comfortable to crawl whenever he wanted, but the memory of the human life obstructed this thought because was still affectionate to the furniture. Near the end of the narrative, Gregor is troubled by the thought of his form being upturned so that he would assume his responsibility to the family. In this regard, he believes it is better for him to die rather than his situation reversed. Therefore, this does not change the perception of the reader even if the major conflict was resolved. The discussion question is: What are the consequences that transformed Gregor into an insect? Also, this paper answers the question; why does Kafka use an insect to symbolize Gregor’s loneliness and isolation?