Casey Martin Decision
PGA Tour, Inc. V. Martin (1998)
Facts of the case
In the case, the respondent filed a law suit over the petitioner, who was the sponsor of golf tournament for failing to allow him to participate in the golf courses. According to the petitioner, the respondent, Martin Casey, was unfit for participation in the golf tournaments since the golf rules did not allow such persons to walk through the golf courses. However, Martin was a talented golfer and his disabilities were covered by the ADA Act of 1990. Brayant (1998) provided that Martin relied on the ADA Act to file his petition and demand allowance into the golf competition. In particular, he supported his petition with thorough medical records to seek for authorization to utilize the golf cart during the sporting competition. The ADA rules also provided reservations for modifications of its policies to cover individuals with disabilities.
ADA Related Issues
The ADA related issues addressed in this case include those rules of the TGA Tour Incorporation that were discriminatory to the rights of the disabled. Martin Casey, a talented golfer, had a rare disease that forbids him from participating in the golf courses (Vaughn, 2003). His medical state forbids him from walking, which could cause pain and other healthy consequences that could emanate from his condition. The ADA Act, however, recognized the rights that persons with disabilities were denied, including participation in sporting events. Under the Act, Martin Casey was covered by the Act and was entitled to participate in the golf courses. Another ADA related issue addressed is the prohibition of certain individuals from participating in the Golf competition by private corporations (Brown, & O’Rourke, 2003). PGA Tour Incorporate affirmed that it was a private association and was not bound by the ADA requirements. The defendant argued that its decision to prohibit Martin Casey from involvement in the Golf courses was meant to avoid creating fatigue to the respondent. Thus, if Martin was to use the cart, he would have undue benefit over others.
The court rejected the assertions of PGA Tour Incorporate regarding its decision to disallow Martin Casey’s participation in the golf courses. The legal source of this decision was the ADA regulations that protected the rights of all persons, including those with disabilities. Title 111 of the act provides that no individual, as general rule, should be discriminated from enjoyment of his/her full privileges for any public accommodation activities and resources. Accordingly, PGA Tour Incorporate constituted a public accommodation utility since it was construed liberally to offer persons with disabilities equality in enjoyment of such benefits as their non-disabled counterparts (Abrams, 2010). The rationale for this decision was based on the need to ensure that persons with disabilities have full enjoyment of their right from other private utilities offering basis services. Thus, the Golf course was identified as a public accommodation that was entitled to all persons. Consequently, Martin Casey was entitled to full participation in the Golf Courses despite his disability. Allowing martin to use the golf cart was not a modification to the golf rules, but was necessary to the nature of the defendant’s golf rules at the Q-School (Sharpe, 1998).
I agree with the decision of the court in allowing Martin Casey an opportunity to participate in the golf course. My reasons for agreement with the court’s decision are based on the provisions of the ADA provisions and legal facts presented. Martin Casey was a talented golf player and was entitled to all privileges offered in the golf tournament. These included giving the necessary support, such as the golf cart to use during the golf courses.
Abrams, R. I. (2010). Sports justice: the law & the business of sports. Boston, Mass: Northeastern University Press.
Brayant, D. (1998). Ticket to ride: Casey martin v. PGA tour, inc. http://www.law.berkeley.edu/sugarman/Sports_Stories_Casey_Martin.pdf.
Brown, R. S., & O’Rourke, D. J. (2003). Case studies in sport communication. Westport, Conn. [u.a.: Praeger.
Sharpe, R. T. (1998). Casey’s case: Taking a slice out of the PGA tour’s no-cart policy. Retrieved from http://diginole.lib.fsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1381&context=fsulr&sei-redir=1&referer=http%3A%2F%2Fscholar.google.com%2Fscholar%3Foe%3Dutf-8%26client%3Dubuntu%26channel%3Dfs%26gws_rd%3Dssl%26um%3D1%26ie%3DUTF-8%26lr%3D%26q%3Drelated%3AmiiyQR9fUtdk4M%3Ascholar.google.com%2F.
Vaughn, J. (2003). Disabled rights: American disability policy and the fight for equality. Washington, D.C: Georgetown University Press.