Chinese Gold Miners in the U.S. and the 1852 Foreign Miners License Tax
The article is written to document the 1850 and 1852 Foreign Miners License tax law. This provides a relevant engagement among the foreigners during the mining activities. It also sought to provide illustrations and cases that fall within the regulations of 1850 and 1852 Californian Foreign Miners tax laws. The author of the article sought to cover the issues of licensing of foreign miners on different countries. This relates to the legislation of the Chinese miners discovered among the different miners. It will offer directions to the tax collectors in order to sell the property (Park 50).
The subject matter of Foreign Miner licensing sought to restrict the Chinese from the mining activities in the U.S. The article will help the readers to understand the historical perception on the mining activities. This reveals the relationship between the US and China, as the Chinese worked in the U.S mines. Most importantly, the article offers the real encounter between the different regulations in the foreign perspective in the U.S. This would provide proper understanding on the laws and regulation of the foreign mining activities by the Chinese. Another issue that arises from the article is the civil movements by Chinese workers for their rights in the U.S mines (Park 45). Therefore, the major theme is licensing of the Chinese tax miners in the U.S and other countries.
The article discusses some of the main issues in foreign mining regulations in the U.S. First, the article discusses the historic encounters between the residents and the foreigners on the cases of mining. Mining activities led to the transition of the society from agriculture into mining activities. By 1850s, some of the Americans had to accept mining as their source of livelihood. However, in 1850, the Congress in California adopted a law charging all non-US citizens $ 20 in each month. The fee affected the mining activities, as most of the Chinese miners were unable to pay. This indicates the activities surrounding the mining activities by the Chinese workers in the U.S.
The second main issue to be discussed is the infrastructural development. During the period of the Foreign Miner Law regulations, the affected areas were able to enjoy appropriate infrastructural development. For instance, the roads and rails were built to allow for the transportation of the mined minerals. However, the 1852 license tax influenced the pattern of the infrastructural development in the region.
In addition, it can be noted that the foreign license involved the regulations of the ethical issues surrounding the mining activities. Some of the miners recruited children to the mines. This led to the violation of the child labor regulations. In addition, some of the miners engaged in fraudulent actions by smuggling the mined minerals into the nearby countries. Therefore, the article sought to determine the need of the 1852 Foreign Miners License tax in the mining activities.
The author of the article provides relevant recommendations and conclusion on the case of license tax of the foreign miners. The article provides that there should be relevant foreign tax for miners to cater for the hazards and problems associated with mining activities. The foreign miners also bring about the encroachment of the societal cultures. This leads to the deterioration of the existing social relationships (Chung 56). Therefore, the article recommends for the taxation of the Chinese miners in the U.S.
The work of the author helped to understand the historical perception on the Chinese workers in the U.S. Most importantly, it assists in learning the need to appreciate the implementation of the 1852 Foreign Miner’s Tax license policy in the U.S. The article also relates to the course work as it provides historical regulations on the mining activities. The course dealt with the various social events and interactions affecting the society. Thus, it makes it relevant to the course work.
In my opinion, the article provides significant terms and guidelines on the regulations of mining activities. From a positive perspective, I believe the implementation of the Foreign Miners Tax regulation would promote mining activities. In reading the article, am able to gain proper insights and knowledge on the regulation of mining activities. Therefore, I would recommend my colleagues to read the article in order to understand the regulations of the Chinese workers in the U.S.
Chung, Sue Fawn. In pursuit of Gold: Chinese American miners and merchants in the American West. IL: University of Illinois Press, 2011.
Park, Michael. “Asian American Masculinity Eclipsed: A Legal and Historical Perspective of Emasculation Through US Immigration Practices.” Am U. Modern Am. 8 (2013): 5-53.