Implementing the APRN Role
Nurses who belong to the APRN (Advanced Practice Registered Nurse) are perceived to be quite talented and capable of becoming excellent clinical leaders. As healthcare evolves, so are the APRN roles in meeting the needs of the population that they serve. Each APRN is expected to meet the certification requirements that would allow him/her to practice independently without prescriptive authority from the MD. This would enable individual nurses to benefit from full practice according to their education level, in addition to reducing mobility across state lines. APRN offers nurses a professional nursing foundation that allows flexibility and independent practice.
According to the National Council of State Boards of Nursing (2008), the four major roles of APRN are:
- Certified registered nurse anesthetist (CRNA)
- Certified nurse-midwife (CNM)
- Clinical nurse specialist (CNS)
- Certified nurse practitioner (CNP)
The above roles can assist APRN nurses to concentrate on research, practice, and education, which are the foundation for the APRN role (Joel, 2013). Without research, the role of APRN may lose its needed evidence to advance the nursing profession. The APRN Consensus Model for 2015 is likely to raise the role of APRNs, hence increasing their job satisfaction through undertaking their responsibilities more independently. Nurses will be capable of choosing their preferred health care facilities, depending on their localities.
The advantage of APRN role is that it assists nurses to be specialists in any of the four roles. The new rules allow nurses to work independently, have flexible working hours and encouraging exposure to new skills and new people (Hood, 2014, p.564). The APRN roles encourage innovation through research, as well as career progression. The problem with APRN roles is that nurses can lose disciplinary focus, which may limit them from discussing their unique contributions. The possibility of losing employee-based fringe benefits is quite high. Although it is quite challenging for nurses to discover their personal niche, the new APRN roles would enable them to make career decisions with confidence.
National Council of State Boards of Nursing. (2008). Consensus model for APRN regulation: Licensure, accreditation, certification & education. American Nurses Association. Retrieved on 10 October2014 from http://www.nursingworld.org/cmissuebrief
Joel, L. A. (2013). Advanced practice nursing: Essentials for role development. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Co.
Hood, L. (2014). Leddy & Pepper’s conceptual bases of professional nursing. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.