Topic 1: Assisted Reproductive Technologies (Arts)
Are ARTs an effective method of treating infertility cases among men and women?
Due to the rapid advancements in the medical field in terms of reproductive technologies, many technology alternatives may be applied to increase a couple’s ability to bear children. Art may be an effective method of combating infertility. It is always an emotional burden for couples to come to terms with the inability to bear children. The couples then must find alternative methods of inducing pregnancy. There are many types of ART ranging from AI, UIU, IVF and surrogacy. Surrogacy motherhood has picked up over the years since it is the most effective with almost one hundred per cent chance of success.
I would recommend adoption of ARTs globally to aid the couples who cannot sire children due to health complications such as infertility. However, there are issues that have arisen over the use of ARTs. They normally take an angle of ethical, religion and legislation. Religious leaders from around the world have dragged the subject of ARTs into the scene. ARTs have been a subject of heated debate particularly in religious circles as it is viewed to be a method of challenging God’s natural ways with science. Various forms of legislation have been enacted in various countries to curb the use of ARTs.
The most interesting thing is that some types of ARTs such as surrogacy have a very high chance of guaranteeing success while the most confusing part is that various types of ARTs such as AI, IVF and ICSI have very low chances of success rates. Nevertheless, more time needs to be put into research to ensure there are high chances of birth when a woman uses ARTs.
Topic 2: Infertility
May infertility be a primary concern for countries seeking to improve the ratio of the young population to the old? Infertility can be caused by old age particularly in women. Countries in the developed world with a high population of old people need to reconsider their strategies in order to increase the young population who form a primary part of their labour force. Nevertheless, there are other factors that may predispose both men and women to infertility such as illnesses or infections, genetic factors, mental health and problems and environmental factors (toxic environment, extreme weather). Infertility may be addressed in a number of ways such as surgery, administering hormonal injections and using ARTs (AI, ICSI and IVF).
I would opine that couples: both men and women have to attend medical checks regularly to establish their conditions. This may help in the early detection and diagnosis of the infertility cases leading to early treatments which may help in curbing the problem.
The most interesting part of infertility is that it is relatively easy to treat and does not signify a death knell to the life of an individual. The most confusing part is that research needs to be established on which gender (whether male or female) is the most affected by infertility. This statistic is important in order to ensure effective planning on the resources required for the two genders.
Topic 3: Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)
Can STIs be effectively prevented using vaccinations? There have been vaccine breakthroughs which can be used in preventing STIs such as HPV. Children can be given vaccines from an early age to ensure that they do not contract STDs or STIs in future. There are various types of STIs ranging from HPV, Gonorrhoea, Syphilis, and HIV just to mention a few.
I would recommend that STIs be prevented by ensuring couples practice safe sex using condoms consistently during sex intercourse which is most effective method established to date. STIs have affected humanity since the turn of the 20th Century. They have been subjects of intensive debate that have attracted assistance from Governments all over the world who have pledged billions of dollars on research and resources to curb these diseases.
The most interesting part about vaccines is that they have proven to be an effective method of protecting individuals against illnesses and diseases. Vaccines have been effectively used to curb infections such as polio, smallpox and certain types of cancers particularly cervical cancer successfully. Adopting vaccination of STDs may be a way forward in future to ensure that populations are protected from STDs. Nevertheless, vaccines have its downside in that it requires enormous capital and extensive research in order to develop a strain of vaccines.
Neumann, Alon (2015). IVF, Fertility Treatments & Men: A Puzzling Proposition – Video.
TEDx Talks Published on 5th May 2015. Retrieved on 4th June 2015 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RTr6kb9Ygeg
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2015). Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Retrieved
on 4th June 2015 from http://www.cdc.gov/std/default.htm
Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2015). U.S. Public Health Service Syphilis Study
at Tuskegee. Retrieved on 4th June 2015 from http://www.cdc.gov/tuskegee/timeline.htm
PubMed Health (2015). Infertility Overview. Retrieved on 4th June 2015 from
University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC) (2015). Infertility in Men. Retrieved on 4th
June 2015 from http://umm.edu/health/medical/reports/articles/infertility-in-men
WebMD (2015). Should Kids Get the HPV Vaccine – Video. Retrieved on 4th June 2015 from