Health Care Case Study on CDC. 10 Leading Causes of Injury Deaths, United States

Module 3 CHS Case

The CDC recently released findings of the types of injuries that are major causes of death among the youth of between 1 and 24 years. It is surprising that the bulk of the deaths are caused by unintentional MV traffics across all age groups within the 1-24 brackets except the 1-4 age group, for which unintentional drowning is the leading cause. Particularly surprising is that unintentional MV traffic is especially common for the 15-19 and the 20-24 age groups, which have 2,895 and 4,129 deaths respectively (CDC 1).  It is therefore noteworthy mentioning that the leading causes of death among the youth are all surprisingly unintentional as evidenced by the CDC reports.

The results of the findings paint a grim picture on the nature of the injuries that occur to the youth. The fact that most of the deaths come from unintentional injuries makes them (unintentional injuries) a greater threat to the youth. Studies into the threat posed by either intentional or unintentional injuries have indicated that unintentional injuries rank highest. In a study conducted by Limbos and Peek-Asa comparing unintentional and intentional injuries in school settings, the results indicated that out of the total 5,754, 1,578 and 3,736 injuries occurring in elementary, middle and high school respectively, 4,557, 1,114 and 2,914 of the injuries in the respective grade levels were unintentional (Limbos & Peek-Asa 102). The figures starkly contrast with intentional injuries, which stand at 868, 357 and 629 in the respective grade levels (Limbos & Peek-Asa 102).

The idea that the youth are sometimes unaware of the danger they are in makes it even more threatening, since some may not know the risk within which they put themselves. According to Jonkheijm et al., injury and violence account for the deaths of thereabouts of 950,000 children under 18 years annually (339). Of these deaths, unintentional injuries are responsible for 90 percent (Marquis n.d). This is in addition to a cost of $14 billion annually in medical care.

Such statistics are not only worrying, but also show the gravity of the issue of unintentional injuries among the youth. The fact that unintentional injuries surpass homicide, heart and respiratory illness, HIV, suicide, congenital defects, and cancer combined in the number of deaths among the youth under 19 (Marquis n.d), therefore necessitates the need to take quick and proactive measures to correct the carnage perpetuated by these accidents.

Some of the plausible solutions include setting up of national agenda for deterrence of such accidents, of which, implementation should be embedded within the federal government efforts. This is in addition to a community-based education program on the prevention of accidents, in addition to setting up safety strategies that include fencing around pools and playgrounds, all sanctioned by law.  These strategies can however only work if the individuals responsible for the youth remain vigilant and take steps to ensure that these legislation are followed. The difference in legislation from one state to another in relation to the safety of children is a cause of confusion. Streamlining such discrepancies and enforcing the passed legislation can in a huge way prevent the occurrence of such accidents. Such enforcement will be important in passing the message of the gravity of the matter to those who may wish to flaunt the regulations. Most important however is that these children require much more monitoring than parents, guardians and teachers.

Works Cited.

CDC. 10 Leading Causes of Injury Deaths, United States. CDC, 2010. Web. 6 May 6, 2014

Jonkheijm, Annabel. “Childhood unintentional injuries: Supervision and first aid provided.” African Journal of Paediatric Surgery, 10.4(2013):339-344. Proquest

Limbos, Mary Ann P. and Peek-Asa, Corinne. “Comparing unintentional and intentional injuries in a school setting.” The Journal of School Health, 73.3 (2003):101-106. Proquest

Marquis, Julie. “California and the West; Accidents’ Toll on Children Decried; Health: Unintentional injuries–many preventable–claim 250 lives a week and cost economy billions, report says.” Los Angeles Times, 2000, June 09. Proquest