Factors Affecting Blood Pressure During Exercise
Exercise is an essential routine for humans in different ways and varying levels. One of the most beautiful aspects about exercise is the fact it doesn’t have to be boring, non productive or extreme. Scrubbing home floors, mowing lawns or any other housework activity can turn into exercise as long as one is exerting high energy levels to increase the breathing and heart rate. Biking, running, dancing, etc are beneficial exercises that turn out to be great fun as well.
If an individual has been sedentary, it is recommended that they check with their doctor before they begin any form of exercise no matter how moderate. It is advisable to begin slow then pick up pace steadily. This is attributed to the fact that exercising affects the blood pressure. While exercising, the blood pressure goes up but it becomes slow and low once the routine has come to an end. Essentially, once an exercising routine has come to an end, the blood pressure becomes lower than before the start of the routine.
During upright exercise, systolic blood pressure increases gradually though diastolic remains the same. Diastolic pressure might decrease as a result of vasodilation or minor blood vessels dilation which can be as a result of harder heart pumping for purposes of spreading oxygen through the entire body. Systolic pressure is connected directly to the manner in which the heart operates as such its pace is affected by most exercise routines. Aerobic or dynamic exercises however affect blood pressure in a different manner from exercises for strengthening muscle groups.
Dynamic exercise will work on the heart and use up energy available in blood stream causing faster heartbeat as one breathes faster to take in additional oxygen. As a result of this, the systolic pressure rises and it increases as one continues to exercise.
During resistance training, the blood pressure is affected by a couple of factors some of which include the following:
- Increased cardiac output
- External compressive forces
- Valsalva maneuver
- Compressive muscle force contractions
- Intra-abdominal pressure
Static exercises primarily focus on contractions of the muscle hence they rarely lead to an increase in the heart rate since extra oxygen isn’t required. However, when the muscles contract, the blood vessels become narrow and this leads to an increase in blood pressure. Static and aerobic exercises are not safe for people who suffer from coronary disease and especially if they aren’t used to physical activities. However, individuals used to aerobic exercise can carry on with permission from their doctors simply because it can help in keeping the blood pressure down. The response of blood pressure changes is fast when the arms are been worked out and slow of it’s the lower body or arms been worked out.
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