Essay Writing Help on Viking Article Report

Viking Article Report

William Fitzhugh’s argues that the Vikings had to find food since they could not carry their own during the raids. They drove people out of their land and took money and any other valuables they had. Church centers and monasteries were among the foremost sources of wealth during that time. The Vikings needed slaves, people to help them row and help them to maintain their lifestyle. They built tiny villages and centers, which they used to stay during winter or for several months and needed people to help them run these establishments.

 He challenges the previous misconception that the Vikings frequently raided over the place in hordes. William Fitzhugh’ says that the Viking attacks were often diverse and the nature of the raids was autonomous. These raids and attacks were not products of armies entering Europe but actions of individual chieftains who had groups of followers and owned several boats. Intermittently, when they invaded Normandy, they organized convoys and attacked in decisive and determined ways that were generally much more individualistic.

He challenges early historical accounts that were biased and based on victim’s reports coming from churches or official reports that were made to the kings or local authorities. He says that the previous 20 years or so archeological reports and other studies have started providing information and facts that sieves, contradicts or replaces the historical record. The findings give a completely dissimilar perception of the Vikings. They are seen archeologically as entrepreneurs and merchants as compared to the previous ideology of them being raiders and pillagers, people who sought to open up opening up innovative business avenues thus brought new materials into Scandinavia and transferred Scandinavian ideas through Europe. These perspectives out rightly contrast.  

Fitzhugh’ characterizes their attacks as diverse and says that most of the raided areas were independent. He also says that they killed many people during their raids since they were relatively ruthless. They were non-Christians therefore were never reluctant about killing churchmen, women or children. He supports his arguments using archeological reports and other studies that give a different perspective of who the Vikings were. He also makes reference to the Icelandic sagas that he terms as phenomenal documents that provided information to be known about the Vikings.

He uses evidence from archeological research to demonstrate his opinion of facts about the Vikings. When he talks about the reason as to why they had to leave L’Anse aux Meadows, he says that the Vikings found the area unsustainable to support a large group in that environment. In addition, he refers to the sagas when talks about the Viking being to far from home and faced with many dangers they lost people and ships too.  He says L’Anse aux Meadows had reached appoint where it had to be moved from being an exploration area to a settlement farm. He concludes by admitting that the sagas were perhaps right when they spoke of it being a beautiful and rich land but the Vikings would not defend themselves on it.  He also acknowledges archeological and historical theories when talking about the Greenland colonies.

Fitzhugh’ had to be careful about the sources he consulted so that he would give credible and reliable information concerning the Vikings. The interview conducted needed him to give insight into the history of the Vikings based on the facts he had as a certified archeologist. Every piece of information he provided or referred to had to be right on the facts and evidence about the Viking since he would easily be quoted elsewhere. In case he gave misleading information, his credibility as an archeologist would be tampered with.

The information of the article is historical based on the archeological facts presented. It talks of the past events and history of the Vikings and the activities they partook. The overall purpose and theme of the interview was to understand the Viking and their activities from an archeologist point of view and the purpose of their actions. The interview was also used to clarify exactly what the Vikings really were as compared to the earlier traditional perspectives that people had. Finally, this article gives a clear understanding of how they eventually abandoned their activities and settled down and the impact the Vikings had on the world.

The article uses history when relating to the difficulty of Viking studies based on biased historical accounts which originating from church centers or previous official reports that were made to their kings or the local authorities. It also embraces archeology in its references of archeological accounts in creating clarification of all the previous view of the Vikings. Fitzhugh’ says that excavations have given invaluable source of information, which led scholars to find out from the sagas what exactly was history, fabrication, or family story telling. Archeological research was also used to give large amounts of Viking material in native sites in the Arctic regions of North America. Literature has also been employed to refer to when the sagas were compiled and later based on stories that were passed down in the generations as oral tradition. In conclusion, cartography has been employed to relate to the earlier Vinland map that was publicized by Yale University in 1965.