Essay Writing Help on History of America since 1985

History of America since 1985

The America that exists today is very different from America that existed before and during the civil wars. The civil wars were very different from the wars that are fought today. These wars were unjust, disorganized and unregulated compared to the current wars. Massive destruction of properties and killings of people, both in the warfront as well as the innocent, was a common characteristic of the civil wars. The wars left America fully tattered and devoid resources and military personnel. This is what Mark Twain described the whole situation by coining the word ‘Gilded Age’ to describe the hay days and wars times that molted the state of America before and after the civil wars. Civil wars were the most devastating ordeals in the American history, worse than the world wars. At the time when the country’s economy was still crawling on its feet to walk out of primitive production to industrialization, plunging into war presented the worst menace. At least about 360,000 Union soldiers were slain alongside other 260, 000 confederates (Handouts, 2). Over 600, 000 Americans lost their lives to the war with the southern states being the worst hit by the events. Besides, about $5 billions were used to fund the wars, leave alone the cost of all materials such as buildings and other assets that were destroyed during the war. These events left America, then a small country, with only about 40 million people scattered within the 38 states under the union at the time.  The southern states that were seriously hit by the wars did not rise to overcome these impacts until later after the Second World War. Indeed this period, as opposed to Twain’s description was devoid of any gild. This paper traces the historical happenings in the American history between 1870-1890s citing landmark events that took place during the time to prove the gilded age coinage otherwise.

Almost the entire costs incurred as mentioned in the earlier sections were entirely felt by the southern states. Nearly all fighting took place in the south. The industries and other commercial activities went through a booming period during this time however helping to service the wars. Both the northern and the southern states introduced income taxes to help them finance the wars. All the other forms of taxes, tariffs and duties were, besides, hiked to unprecedented heights as government bonds were issued to accrue money that would thence be used to finance the wars. The southern industries and other productive activities fell to their feet while the northern booming production industry had many private sources to borrow money from. These facts made the south resort recklessly to printing money to the detriment of her economy. A great inflation was the immediate impact of the war on the South experienced just shortly after the wars. Mark Twain satirizes the southern inflation in his book The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884) saying that the price of a plate that would be bought for two dollars before the wars went as high as one thousand dollars (James, Michael and Jan, 259). Twain records that one would carry money in a wheelbarrow to the market after the wars and come back with goods fitting in one palm (James, Michael and Jan, 342). To the south, at least during this time, was devoid of gild described by Mark. The later periods, however, would prove Mark’s assertions true to the situation.

The civil wars were not however a reserve of devastation; other benefits was accrued from the war presenting the gilded age to the American people. About four million slaves were freed after the wars and consequently the enactment of the Thirteenth Amendment to the American constitution in 1865. The 13th amendment commanded the freedom of all slaves and further outlawed slavery in the United States of America. The white slave owners followed with a loud outcry at the losses that they had to incur replacing their free slave labor with paid labor and in most cases, the cost of mechanization of farms was rather painful to bear singlehandedly (Lauren, 2). These unexpected turn of events were as well accompanied with reduced workload and hiked payments to the workers (no longer slaves) that worked the farms, a factor that would later kill cotton production in the region. Moreover, the aftermath of these wars were also followed by the return of the southern representatives to the congress. The sitting president of the time, President Lincoln, was more concerned about reconstructing the union and so quickly admitted the return of the southern representatives back to the house of Congress. The process of reconstructing the fallen Southern states quickly commenced under President Johnson, who takes over after Lincoln’s assassination. This process to be not without hurdles as the tussle between the northern Republicans rejuvenates with the coming of the southern ‘confederate brigadiers’. This is followed by the first-time participation of African-Americans in the elections from the forefront by the year 1870.

The Democrats regain all the electorate seats by 1877 making the south the stronghold of Democrats. Conflicting ideas continues to rock the opinion houses at all levels as the contrasting ideologies of the democrats and the republicans become even more eminent. A favorable ruling to the southern states is passed by the US Supreme Courts in 1883 which declared the 1875 act that rendered congregations illicit unconstitutional thus giving the southern Democrats a leeway to rally support for the party in the region (Calhoun, 402). The period between 1845 and 1900 is characterized by millions of immigrants moving into the united states from across the Atlantic as the American economy begins to boom. This swelled the American population making America’s shining liberty quite eminent to the entire world. Altogether. All people, Celts, Goths and the Huns both worked hand in hand to look for places where food and wealth were at their hay times as seen in the life struggles of Mark Twain (Handouts, 2). Agrarian revolution was revamped with the establishment of more industries and revival of dead industries. A growing demand for food and wealth quickly engulfed the desire of every American and capitalism sets in sending many to the brink of frustration and despair. Incentives for farmers and their respective unions fell out of hand leading to the failure of business unions and consequently their crush down and a public outcry on agricultural and industrial prices. This is later to be rescued by government’s intervention leading to an almost stabilized economy in the present America.

To conclude, the history of America is perhaps the longest and most interesting one in the entire world. Millions of writings have disapproved the accounts of the British prime minister in the absence of writings from American land by millions of Americans recounting the events that took place during and after the civil wars. The proliferation of writings across the region undoubtedly described the gilded period in America. The states have gone through many trial moments in the process of making up their nations to the desired state at the present. The civil wars caused devastating effects on the lives and economy of America. However, the benefits accrued as the aftermath of the wars, including the emancipation of the slaves describes the gilded times in American history. However, the tussle between the southern Democrats and the northern republicans is still eminent in terms of ideologies and political orientation.

Works Cited

Calhoun, Charles, W.,. The Gilded Age: Perspectives on the Origins of Modern America. 2nd. 2007.

Handout. Biography of Mark Twain. n.d.

Handout, History 102. United States History: The United States in 1875. n.d.

James, Oakes,, et al. Of the People: A Concise History of the United States: Since 1865. Vol. 2. New York: Oxford University Press,; Pap/Psc Co, 2010.

Lauren, Winner,. United States History: What’s So New About the new Western History. HO, History 102, n.d.