Essay Writing Help on Computer Information System

Computer Information System

The post-PC era refers to a period through which information systems for managers are being applied to change how people work, interact, communicate, and conduct business. The pre-PC era lacked collaborative evolution, innovation and productivity to increase business agility. More so, financial planning and application of flexible and centrally managed as well as maintained applications was lacking. Thus, post-PC era has introduced cloud computing to deliver high quality and secured business experiences. It ensures managers can manage business operations and functions consistently while improving security and virtualization. Post-PC era includes videoconferencing and use of Cisco TelePresence to coordinate strategic plans among business ventures on daily basis. It therefore relies on networking and incorporation of technologies to improve global business operations and processes (Sjoerd & Nauta, 2012).

Globalization refers integration of socioeconomic and technological processes and innovation. This encourages growth, development and expansion of information systems to achieve and sustain socioeconomic strategic goals. Globalization of information systems has been fueled by various factors including decrease in telecommunication and transportation costs. The reduced costs have enabled managers to identify opportunities and new markets accessible in promoting new services and products. Mangers therefore spend low wages in communicating and transporting new commodities and services across global markets due to globalization. Outsourcing has also fueled globalization. This is because commercial ventures conduct and support various business functions in different global nations encouraging innovation and expansion of technologies (Kramer, 2006).

In-sourcing refers to provision of supply chain solutions among global business. This encourages and supports logistic firms to integrate technological systems to avoid cumbersome process. Consequently, errors and miscalculations likely to incur and increase firms’ expenditures are reduced and prevented. Off-shoring refers to firm managers setting up plants across various global nations. This has encouraged growth, expansion and transfer of technologies supporting globalization in order to reduce operational costs. Globalization has therefore been fueled by virtual, personal, mobile, and digital technologies enabling interconnectivity. Consequently, the technologies support socioeconomic and political changes as well as development of new, better, and faster telecommunication infrastructure systems and business models (Kramer, 2006).

There are various issues hindering information privacy and security. Global federal government agencies have therefore implemented security measures as guidelines to protect and safeguard information systems. Issues hindering information privacy are allied to phishing, as well as application of computer virus and malware to enable identity theft and hacking. These issues have led innocent victims to lose financial credibility, social security pin numbers, and financial assets among other valuables. This leads to exploitation and violation of intellectual rights. Cross organization solutions however can provide secure and reliable measures to enhance information privacy. Foremost, computers ought to be installed with anti-virus software tools such as Avast and Kaspersky. This prevents hackers and identity thieves from accessing and stealing private and confidential information. Organizations can also set up Community of Interest groups comprising of people exchanging information through use of common vocabularies across business processes. The groups sign a memorandum and service-level agreements affirming they will uphold security measures integrated to enhance information privacy. Other measures to uphold information privacy include regular change of passwords and PIN numbers safeguarding crucial data (Richard, Kevin, Matthew, Hart, Jim & Jessica, 2008).

The digital divide refers to unequal access of internet coupled with imbalanced abilities to use it. This can be attributed to lack of education in understanding internet language and contents. It is therefore the social stratification caused by unequal abilities among internet users to access, adapt, and create using communication technologies and information. As a result, digital divide is related to computer literacy.  This is because computer literacy refers to users possessing abilities to combine computer devices to access, read and understand internet contents. More so, they are able to integrate the learnt skills in real life activities. Digital divide and computer literacy are therefore related on human communication systems utilized to produce, create, and spread knowledge learnt from the internet (Warschauer, 2004).


Kramer, A. E. (2006). Chapter 2: Fueling Globalization through Information Systems, New York Times.

Richard, K., Kevin, S., Matthew, S., Hart, R., Jim, F., & Jessica, G. (2008). Information Security: Security Considerations in the System Development Life Cycle, National Institute of Standards and Technology Special Publication Report, 800(64): 1-44.

Sjoerd, B., & Nauta, G. J. (2012). Cultural Heritage in the Post-Pc Era, Leiden University.

Warschauer, M. (2004). A Literacy Approach to the Digital Divide, Irvine, University of California.