Essay Writing Help on Cellular Manufacturing

Cellular manufacturing

Cellular manufacturing involves a workplace design system or model where workstations and their equipment adopt a well-organized form of operations that facilitates a smooth, continuous movement of materials and inventories through the process of production, allowing minimal waiting time and little transport costs. This system was first invented during the 1960s in New Jersey at a Company that dealt with the production of heavy machinery for use in the paper industry. Originally, the processes and machines in the company were set according to their functions and departments, with every department under the control of a foreman. This set-up was time-consuming, difficult, and expensive in terms of labour costs. As a result, the company adopted an idea to form groups of machine tools which would allow a complete production of similar parts (Irani 45).

The type of work that can be performed in a cell depends on the type of the cell; this is since each cell is meant to produce a family of similar products or parts. All required machines and workers are contained within the cell.

Figure: Cellular manufacturing flow

The model comprises two types of cells, as described below:

  • Product cell: This type of cell provides finished products to one or more customers. Here, team members usually assemble, experiment, package, and also ship the products.
  • Process cell: In this cell type, multiple customers are serviced; it allows complete numerous operations on multiple products (Hyer and Wemmerlov 123).

An assembly line normally moves components down the production series, that is, from one operation to the other until production is complete. The process uses equipment to facilitate this process; such equipment includes the automatic conveyer belt or roller conveyers that can be used to control speed and production. Job Shop, on the other hand, involves a traditional manufacturing method organized by departments, where every department specializes in one or more processes such as metal cutting, drilling, welding, painting, etc., such that each stage fits into the overall production system. Cellular manufacturing represents the recent approach for organizing a plant meant to replace the Job Shop method and solve some of its problems (Vladimir 150).

Works Cited

Hyer, Nancy, and Wemmerlov, Ury. Urban Reorganizing the Factory: Competing Through Cellular Manufacturing. United States: Productivity Press, 2002. Print.

Irani, Shahrukh. Handbook of Cellular Manufacturing Systems. United States: John Wiley & Sons, 1999. Print.

Vladimir, Modrák. Operations Management Research and Cellular Manufacturing Systems. United States: IGI Global, 2011. Print.