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Appeasement

Appeasement was the name given to a British foreigner and was widely used just before the commencement of World War 2.This policy was implemented and  widely known to be highly effective. The policy – was preferred by leaders who understood the distribution of power in the multinational system. Contrary to popular belief, this policy did not result from weakness and fear. However, it turned out to be   useless and dangerous since it favored the satisfaction of demands rather than requests of an aggressive party (Plano and Olten 1982, p 229).

            Neville Chamberlain is known to have preferred appeasement. As the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, he believed that this policy was a strategy of making concessions to an adversary. The main goal was to overcome direct military disorders.  In the modern/current society, the policy is seldom advocated for because of the collapse of British diplomacy with Nazi Germany in the 1930s. It remains an inner concept beyond this chronological moment. It is often invoked in foreign policy debates in the United States of America and elsewhere as a phrase to portray concessions to adversary.

Appeasement Agreements and Broken Treaties

            Appeasement was discredited by Neville Chamberlain’s catastrophic attempt to suit Adolf Hitler’s territorial ambitions and Rock argues, on the other hand, that, there is very little evidence to support the belief that dissatisfied states and their leaders cannot be appeased. Appeasement was labeled as an ineffective and possibly dangerous policy. In his landmark study, Stephen Rock seeks to restore appeasement to its proper place as a legitimate and potentially successful diplomatic strategy.

Many rival countries during the Second World War did not agree on so many issues. This made appeasement it a controversial foreign policy in conflict resolution. This is vividly evident when Hitler ordered Czechoslovakia in 1938 to incorporate Sudeten Germans and their territory with the German motherland. France and Britain also attempted to create a lasting agreement with Germany and bring peace in the whole of the Europe. This was done in order to give negotiation a chance instead of resistance and the emergency of war.

We all have to note that before 1939, appeasement was not a controversial policy in the governance and settlement of disputes but later people preferred to forget the policy. According to them, it was then as if something short sighted, abusive, foolish, and catastrophic. The controversy of the policy comes in place when the Germany started war with the Union of Austria and later Britain in 1938 and 1939 respectively. The issue of Sudeten area in Czechoslovakia also brought controversies when it became the most military defensive area for the German troops, containing numerous armaments factories.

 The government of Czechoslovakia refused to allow Hitler to incorporate Sudeten area leading to an invasion. The western area was incorporated into Germany. Germany also invaded Poland in 1939 leading to its war with the British and the French. In 1940, Chamberlain resigned. He vouched for peace and preferred that it be attained at any price. The base of his policy had a large component of weakness cowardice and delusion. It was greatly opposed by Lord Halifax who failed to become chamberlains’ successor and instead, the position was taken by Winston Churchill.

Lord Halifax and chamberlain became friends after agreeing on the issue of conflict resolution. Hitler on the other hand counted every success courtesy of the appeasement policy. This helped him win against internal opposition because of the successes. In Britain, this policy was taken to be that used by the weak people. It was not the best policy to be used in the interest of weaker European nations or the interest of the League of Nations.

The rise and fall of appeasement

 Adolf Hitler of Germany arose to power in 1933. He quickly dismantled all the semblance of constitutional government in Germany and began to re-arm the German state. The move of re-militarizing the Rhineland in 1936 was accepted by some of the Britain leaders saying that it rectified the unjust division of the continent of Europe (Rock 1977, p 28). Other prominent politicians like Anthony Eden and Winston Churchill were starting to see the idiocy of appeasing the Nazis, making the policy appear weaker rather than making it gain strength. In 1938, Hitler started becoming as an aggressive dictator making the British review their relationship with him. They chose to appease Hitler in favor of Europe. When the Germany troops invaded Sudetenland a place that had many German speakers in Czechoslovakia, the British continued persuading Prague to appreciate and use appeasement. The British negotiated directly with Germans over the invasion but Czechoslovakia failed to abide by hitters moderate demands according to Britain.  Germany went ahead and occupied the rest of Czechoslovakia in 1939. Britain had stand up to Hitler by guaranteeing the borders of Poland. When Hitler attacked in 1939, Britain had to move in and war began rendering appeasement useless.

Conclusion

Britain avoided war by dwelling on the policy of appeasement. The consequences of this policy are understood in the current world. This method is a great idea when the main goal is to avoid war. However, some adversaries do not understand the language of appeasement and it may be taken as a sign of weakness.

Works Cited

“Appeasement.” International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. 2008, John Cannon, “appeasement.” A Dictionary of Biology. 2004, “appeasement.” World Encyclopedia. 2005, and Michael Allaby. “Appeasement.” Encyclopedia.com. HighBeam Research, 1 Jan. 2008. Web. 25 Mar. 2015.

Caputi, Robert J. Neville Chamberlain and Appeasement. Selinsgrove [Pa.: Susquehanna UP, 2000. Print.

Truman, Chris. “The Czech Crisis of 1938.” The Czech Crisis of 1938. 27 Jan. 2014. Web. 26 Mar. 2015.

Rock, Stephen R. Appeasement in International Politics. Lexington: UP of Kentucky, 2015. Print.