Writing Project Two: A Position Argument
The argument presented in the article Understanding Technological Evolution and Diversity by Kelly Kevin is credible, consistent and imaginative according to the analysis presented in section one of this essay. The proposed relationship between technological changes and human diversification in culture is something that one can observe and account for as the whole truth. Therefore, the arguments raised in this section of discussion supports the author’s tentative statements of cultural diversification as a function of technological evolution since it relates to changes in human knowledge, practices and behaviors. The argument by Kelly Kevin highly fits into the twenty first century and can be used to identify the challenges culture faces as a result of technological introduction and constant rise in human needs to integrate and share in common beliefs.
As already mentioned in the above paragraph, the argument by Kelly Kevin finds its support from the general notion that human beings are creative, explorative and good inventors and therefore will work within their powers to improve on their current social situations. For example, people have always opted to be in a position to control their own thoughts about beliefs and certain practices. From the article’s point of view, the world in itself is like a village composed of people with various social backgrounds, cultural relations, religious practices and personal behaviors.
From the initial stage of human development, various studies infer to the origin of related groups of people through the use of genes. The scientific approach of common gene identification and coding is based on the evolutionary theories of species and maintains an aspect of common origin before the split into other subgroups. Majority of these biological studies are based on linguistic data and proposes that the changes in human language is the main factor that must have contributed immensely in creating the current ethnic groups with diverse cultural practices. The split in human cultural practices is in most cases caused by increasing migrations, which other people do for the purpose exploration or as a way of meeting their social needs in order to survive adverse conditions. For either reason, technology has played an important role in influencing peoples’ needs to move into or out of a particular group of people. Today, people find it very easy to relocate to new places and establish permanent homes in a very strange land due to changes in means of transportation. In this case, technological advancement makes transportation easier, fast, efficient and more secure than before. Such advancement is a motivating factor towards human diversification in which case people from different regions can meet face-to-face, share important ideas, influence the lives of others and establish a more diversified social relations.
Other scholars maintain the same argument that the impact of technology on cultural diversity depends on language commonality between the people involved. Apart from other contentious issues given prominence like the role environment plays in shaping the life of a person to conform with the life of his or her mates, the knowledge of commonality is a viral proces that determines the levels to which people would be in a position to learn from each other, emulate and incorporate the living styles of others within themselves. Important to mention is the general argument that technological opportunities makes it easy for people to develop a common language that shapes their learning experiences in existing environments. Amid the arguments presented by different writers, the support leans toward the agent-based simulation kind of investigation. The model of agent-based simulation provides a frameworks in which people with each other, share ideas and learn from one another. Through the process of interaction the difference in patterns of living are shaped by individuals’ cultural attributes. The amount of impact created in this case also depends on the parametric space as defined by technological opportunities; the knowledge each group has concerning its communal practices the need to learn from each other and also the reasons behind such interactions.
Human cultural diversity is one important ingredient of technological innovation. The question as to whether a particular people’s culture can face off and pave way for a completely different cultural practice is not just a perception that beats logic. A similar argument is brought forth by Brand Stewart on the changes in the way people interact and share common ideologies through internet sites, telephone and through other modern means of communication. This explains why it is becoming more complex to differentiate the behavioral practices of one ethnic group from the other. For example, the shared life experiences between Africans and the western countries has led to cultural dynamism since most of Africans abandon their culture and try to incorporate western culture in their everyday encounters. The enhanced means of interactions has significantly led into intermarriages between different ethnic groups. This makes it more practical for the two parents to raise their offspring in a totally different cultural setup from the original cultural environment. All these are attributes attached to technological changes in areas of transportation and communication, which are the major forces towards cultural union and reunion. People learn in various ways and the more we perceive a specific culture as important in our life the more we tend to copy and forget our own.
Even though the article by Kelly Kevin relies heavily on the notion of technology as the main driving force towards human diversification, other scholars view human diversification from a completely different angle. The main opposing idea presented by such scholars is the based on the fact that through human interaction, people learn with an intention to change for the better (Julian 23). If an individual abandons his or her culture on the basis of inconsistency with current life experiences, then the abandoned culture will face off completely and from two initial cultures a unitary and more befitting culture is developed. This argument in summary makes us believe that technological evolution does not give opportunity to cultural diversification but rather allows people from various regions to learn through experience and emulate a culture that fits all (Julian 23).
The second opposing view is based on the notion that people are classified according to their culture depending on their most preferred styles of living. The levels of preference here limit the extent to which people can fully adopt the life styles of other ethnic groups. Cultural adoption is therefore a complex issue and becomes increasing difficult to explain (Andrew 34). This is because if people spend much of their time scrutinizing the values contained in every cultural variant, there would be high possibility of failing to meet some of the constraining factors like effectiveness and efficiency in adoption (Andrew 37). On the same note, it takes quite a while for a person to learn and be fully equipped with all the information concerning the culture of a particular community. The time difference between learning and full acquisition retards growth in a particular culture and therefore makes people to retain their culture.
In general, human social life could be thought of as a cultural tool and thus compels individuals to build the capacity to acquire a highly sophisticated system of exchanging ideas through proper channels of information delivery. This therefore means that technological innovations is only a symbolic system used to identify and categorize human population on the basis of dialect and other sets of preferences based on cultural variances one choses to acquire. In relation to this investigation, some of the opposing as per the concerns of Kelly Kevin’s argument rest on the mentioned preferences such as religion, dressing styles and parenting styles which are the only quick means through which people can choose the cultural variant to acquire.
However, one fact that we must recognize is the extent to which technology has created an open space through which people can interact, learn from each other and acquire various skills and knowledge. People can diversify in their personal knowledge, individual skills and creativity. People can also diversify in their behaviors without necessarily changing their cultural practices. On the contrary, culture defines the way people or a person of a particular group lives and relate with others. Depending on what factors motivates a person to adopt a particular life style, technology still remains and integral part in behavior diversification. With technological changes people with exhibit changing behaviors, behaviors that reflect what people learn from the open environment.
Andrew, Trusty. Technology versus culture. Hamburg: Diplomica Verlag Gmbh, 2011. Print.
Brand, Stewart. “Is Technology Moving Too Fast?” http://libproxy.pcc.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=3199610&site=ehost-live
Julian, Steward. Environment, Technology and Culture. Dordrecht: Springer, 1955. Print.
Kelly, Kevin. “Understanding Technological Evolution and Diversity.” http://libproxy.pcc.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=58079655&site=ehost-live