English Essay on Technological Evolution and Diversity

Technological Evolution and Diversity

 Writing Project One: Rhetorical Analysis

Introduction

A comprehensive argument must have a conclusion which is founded on realistic premise. The wider concept of agreeable premises must follow rhetorical tools of analysis like ethos, pathos and logos. The use of the three tools of rhetorical analysis allows readers to rate the ideas presented in any literature on the basis of logics, precision and conclusiveness of the writer’s argument. This framework of analysis imparts readers with the knowledge and skills that can be used to develop concrete reasoning to either believe or critic the work of a particular writer. Ethos, pathos and logos otherwise known as rhetorical appeals might be lacking within the work of a writer in which case the whole idea, no matter how good and elaborate it might have been, is rated flawed and lacks proof. This essay analyzes the work of Kelly Kevin on Understanding Technological Evolution and Diversity in light of rhetorical appeals in order to gauge the validity of the writer’s argument.

Main point and other pertinent details contained in the article

From the article Understanding Technological Evolution and Diversity, Kelly Kevin bases his argument on the observed human cultural changes. The article stresses on cultural diversity and how changes in technology create, maintain or result into special behaviors exhibited among human species. In the article, Kelly Kevin draws his major arguments from the notion that human beings are extremely social animals and surprisingly, the largest proportion of human time and behavior lean towards social aspects. On the same account, the article maintains that the behavior of other animals is innately evolved and changes with simultaneous changes in environmental conditions. The only distinctive characteristic between human behaviors and other innate animals is the general argument that human beings are modest and socially motivated to learn and acquire joint cultural practices of their close associates. In this connection, the process of transmitting cultural information to other people either through frank teachings or through regular social interactions is a characteristic that can never be detached from human life. For example, human life is built on mutual observations and impartial conversations. The combined forces of social elements such as observation and conversation is like a mirror through which individual believes and pertinent behaviors can be seen, intensively describes, properly evaluated for the purposes of integrations.

The article’s foundation is therefore considered one of the elliptical writings in the twenty first century since it connects traditional cultures to the formal learning processes as seen in modern societies. For instances, incorporating technology in today’s learning institutions enhances social connection and children can learn through observations following their active participation in various activities touching on social relations. In addition to social emulation, incorporating technology in learning processes allows students to have a prompt mastery of complex skills and concepts since they learn from seeing and practicing. On a lighter note, unless adults develop a sense of social belonging and be in apposition to tolerate children’s participation in various social activities and interact with other social groups, the need to spread and, or expand cultural knowledge will not be fully met. The main idea in the article revolves around the understanding of technological changes and how technology results in diversification in human knowledge; the knowledge described under social parameters like ethnicity, cultural values and practices as well as individual’s code of conduct.

The purpose of the essay

Through the article, Kelly Kevin composes his idea on the relationship between technological evolution and human diversification through good understanding of other people’s ways of living. In other words, Kelly Kevin makes us believe through his scripture that cultural diversity can only be attained through cultural transmission using more relevant and modern channels. Through proper understanding of social relations as the major theme of human existence, emergence of modern means of communications and other methods of interaction makes it possible for people with diverse ethnic backgrounds to meet and share important issues in their cultural beliefs. Precisely, the article Technological Evolution and Diversity is a work that drives the mind of readers towards believing on the cultural variance and the role technology can possibly play in making the cultural practices of a particular group known to other distinct groups.

Rhetorical appeals employed by the author in the text

Kelly Kevin’s article uses the three major rhetorical appeals, ethos, logos and pathos to sway the minds of readers and make the intended information to remain encrypted within the minds of targeted audience. The article is built on credibility as explained under ethos. For example, when the Kelly Kevin compares the social lives of human beings with other animals, the basis of his argument is rated genuine, comprehensive, convincing and therefore can be trusted. A credible argument is logically planned, driven by the need to fulfill major objectives and every conclusion made from such an argument must have a basis otherwise known as the premise. Kelly’s comparison of the social life of human beings and other animals is factual and is therefore credible. Other than being credible, the article is consistent with observable changes in human social lives and believes. A more practical aspect concerns the changes in gender roles and other communal practices across the world.

The changes in technology has made the world a global village and today people share in various social sites on the best way to share responsibility between men and their female counterparts. Even though other cultures recognize males more than female, people have developed a culture of equal responsibility and recognition for both females and males. With the same argument, people across geographical divide are in a position to share and put in place the best form of governance which would satisfy the entire global community. All these are just but some few areas a person would mention as being consistent with the contemporary issues discussed in Kelly Kevin’s article. Finally, Kelly Kevin’s article connects the minds of readers through emotional build ups. The article is imaginatively written in the sense that it uses real life examples. For example, the article discusses the social life before the introduction of modern technologies and after the emergence of better improved means of interaction. The modern ways of interaction for example through social sites offer a platform that people use to compare and share their cultures and historic lives.     

From the perspectives of major themes of this essay, one can accurately analyze the writer’s intentions in his arguments using the mentioned rhetorical tools of ethos, pathos and logos. Other than the areas already mentioned, the writer’s intention to make his readers aware of the changes and the challenges technology brings forth as far as ideology development is concerned becomes evident for the purposes of analysis. The writer maintains a sound argument when he states that cultural changes as observed in the recent past results from emerging cultures that describes the complex forces considered helping in increasing cultural diversity. For example, the writer’s intention of explaining the constant spawns in new dialects perfectly matches the concepts of technological changes as driving force in areas of communication and exchange of information. Even though the writer tries to makes quantitative inferences with an objective of ensuring that his ideas are relevant and known to the target audience, the data collected on dynamics of cultural diversity makes the author’s investigation easier and logical.       

In general, the idea presented by Kelly Kevin finds  its full backing from other related studies which foretells future split in genetics; the major making of knowledge, practices and cultural beliefs. For example, the discussion finds its strong support from the articles written concerning the growth and spread of human population which is expected to have occurred between 50 and 100,000 years ago. The various cultural features are classified as functions of diversification in human languages, patterns of social organizations as well as changes in subsistence systems. The cultural diversification is therefore a making of various social classes, occupational groups, religious faiths and castes whose actions and influence can be improved by fast, efficient and effective means of communication and interaction. This is the major relationship that Kelly Kevin tries to make clear within his readers and other groups audience.

Writing Project Two: A Position Argument

The argument presented in the article Understanding Technological Evolution and Diversity by Kelly Kevin is credible, consistent and imaginative according to the analysis presented in section one of this essay. The proposed relationship between technological changes and human diversification in culture is something that one can observe and account for as the whole truth. Therefore, the arguments raised in this section of discussion supports the author’s tentative statements of cultural diversification as a function of technological evolution since it relates to changes in human knowledge, practices and behaviors. The argument by Kelly Kevin highly fits into the twenty first century and can be used to identify the challenges culture faces as a result of technological introduction and constant rise in human needs to integrate and share in common beliefs.

Supportive arguments

As already mentioned in the above paragraph, the argument by Kelly Kevin finds its support from the general notion that human beings are creative, explorative and good inventors and therefore will work within their powers to improve on their current social situations. For example, people have always opted to be in a position to control their own thoughts about beliefs and certain practices. From the article’s point of view, the world in itself is like a village composed of people with various social backgrounds, cultural relations, religious practices and personal behaviors.     

From the initial stage of human development, various studies infer to the origin of related groups of people through the use of genes. The scientific approach of common gene identification and coding is based on the evolutionary theories of species and maintains an aspect of common origin before the split into other subgroups. Majority of these biological studies are based on linguistic data and proposes that the changes in human language is the main factor that must have contributed immensely in creating the current ethnic groups with diverse cultural practices. The split in human cultural practices is in most cases caused by increasing migrations which other people do for the purpose exploration or as a way of meeting their social needs in order to survive adverse conditions. For either reason, technology has played an important role in influencing peoples’ needs to move into or out of a particular group of people. Today, people find it very easy to relocate to new places and establish permanent homes in a very strange land due to changes in means of transportation. In this case, technological advancement makes transportation easier, fast, efficient and more secure than before. Such advancement is a motivating factor towards human diversification in which case people from different regions can meet face-to-face, share important ideas, influence the lives of others and establish a more diversified social relations.

Other scholars maintain the same argument that the impact of technology on cultural diversity depends on language commonality between the people involved. Apart from other contentious issues given prominence like the role environment plays in shaping the life of a person to conform with the life of his or her mates, the knowledge of commonality is a viral proces that determines the levels to which people would be in a position to learn from each other, emulate and incorporate the living styles of others within themselves. Important to mention is the general argument that technological opportunities makes it easy for people to develop a common language that shapes their learning experiences in existing environments. Amid the arguments presented by different writers, the support leans toward the agent-based simulation kind of investigation. The model of agent-based simulation provides a frameworks in which people with each other, share ideas and learn from one another. Through the process of interaction the difference in patterns of living are shaped by individuals’ cultural attributes. The amount of impact created in this case also depends on the parametric space as defined by technological opportunities; the knowledge each group has concerning its communal practices the need to learn from each other and also the reasons behind such interactions.        

Human cultural diversity is one important ingredient of technological innovation. The question as to whether a particular people’s culture can face off and pave way for a completely different cultural practice is not just a perception that beats logic. A similar argument is brought forth by Brand Stewart on the changes in the way people interact and share common ideologies through internet sites, telephone and through other modern means of communication. This explains why it is becoming more complex to differentiate the behavioral practices of one ethnic group from the other. For example, the shared life experiences between Africans and the western countries has led to cultural dynamism since most of Africans abandon their culture and try to incorporate western culture in their everyday encounters. The enhanced means of interactions has significantly led into intermarriages between different ethnic groups. This makes it more practical for the two parents to raise their offspring in a totally different cultural setup from the original cultural environment. All these are attributes attached to technological changes in areas of transportation and communication which are the major forces towards cultural union and reunion. People learn in various ways and the more we perceive a specific culture as important in our life the more we tend to copy and forget our own.

Opposing viewpoint

Even though the article by Kelly Kevin relies heavily on the notion of technology as the main driving force towards human diversification, other scholars view human diversification from a completely different angle. The main opposing idea presented by such scholars is the based on the fact that through human interaction, people learn with an intention to change for the better (Julian 23). If an individual abandons his or her culture on the basis of inconsistency with current life experiences, then the abandoned culture will face off completely and from two initial cultures a unitary and more befitting culture is developed. This argument in summary makes us believe that technological evolution does not give opportunity to cultural diversification but rather allows people from various regions to learn through experience and emulate a culture that fits all (Julian 23).

The second opposing view is based on the notion that people are classified according to their culture depending on their most preferred styles of living. The levels of preference here limit the extent to which people can fully adopt the life styles of other ethnic groups. Cultural adoption is therefore a complex issue and becomes increasing difficult to explain (Andrew 34). This is because if people spend much of their time scrutinizing the values contained in every cultural variant, there would be high possibility of failing to meet some of the constraining factors like effectiveness and efficiency in adoption (Andrew 37). On the same note, it takes quite a while for a person to learn and be fully equipped with all the information concerning the culture of a particular community. The time difference between learning and full acquisition retards growth in a particular culture and therefore makes people to retain their culture.

Conclusion

In general, human social life could be thought of as a cultural tool and thus compels individuals to build the capacity to acquire a highly sophisticated system of exchanging ideas through proper channels of information delivery. This therefore means that technological innovations is only a symbolic system used to identify and categorize human population on the basis of dialect and other sets of preferences based on cultural variances one choses to acquire. In relation to this investigation, some of the opposing as per the concerns of Kelly Kevin’s argument rest on the mentioned preferences such as religion, dressing styles and parenting styles which are the only quick means through which people can choose the cultural variant to acquire.

However, one fact that we must recognize is the extent to which technology has created an open space through which people can interact, learn from each other and acquire various skills and knowledge. People can diversify in their personal knowledge, individual skills and creativity. People can also diversify in their behaviors without necessarily changing their cultural practices. On the contrary, culture defines the way people or a person of a particular group lives and relate with others. Depending on what factors motivates a person to adopt a particular life style, technology still remains and integral part in behavior diversification. With technological changes people with exhibit changing behaviors, behaviors that reflect what people learn from the open environment.

Work cited

Andrew, Trusty. Technology versus culture. Hamburg: Diplomica Verlag Gmbh, 2011. Print.

Brand, Stewart. “Is Technology Moving Too Fast?” http://libproxy.pcc.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=3199610&site=ehost-live

Julian, Steward. Environment, Technology and Culture. Dordrecht: Springer, 1955. Print.

Kelly, Kevin. “Understanding Technological Evolution and Diversity.” http://libproxy.pcc.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=58079655&site=ehost-live