Exxon Valdez Accident
The investigation revealed that the disaster was a result of poor maneuvering. It also revealed that the third assistant on duty was not given the compulsory six hours break prior to the commencing of his next twelve hour duty. Therefore, it is most likely that strain and too much workload may have led to ineffective watch-keeping by the third assistant. Additionally, despite the fact that the vessel was on autopilot, it was discovered that the radar was not operating from the time when the ship departed the Valdez Terminal. There were also allegations that the master of the vessel was drunk and left the watch during maneuvering through dangerous areas. Consequently, it was confirmed that the Exxon Company could not present an efficient and adequate team to the ship, which unluckily led to the misfortune.
The Oil Pollution regulation (OPA) was approved in August 1990, mainly in reaction to rising public disquiet consequent to the Exxon Valdez disaster. The OPA act improved the nation’s capability to avoid and react to oil spills by coming up with conditions that increase the federal government’s capability, and present funds and resources needed react to such incidences. The act also established the nationwide Trust Fund, which can grant amount close to a billion dollars for every spill occurrence. Additionally, the OPA presented new requirements for emergency preparation both by the government and the Company.
The National Oil and Harmful Material Pollution Contingency Plan have been stretched in a 3 tiered approach. First, the national administration is obligated to direct every public and private reaction efforts for various kinds of spill occurrences. Also, the Area Committees, which comprise central, state, and local government representatives, should come up with detailed, location-specific Area emergency Plans. Lastly, proprietors of ships and other facilities that may be a threat to the surroundings must prepare their personal facility response tactics. The act increased punishment for regulatory nonconformity, and widened the enforcement duties of the central government. It also conserved State authority to institute laws governing oil spill avoidance and reaction.