Police professionalism refers to the ethical qualities and competence within which the citizens expect the police officers to act based on the experience, education and training that they undertake to enable them to satisfy the existing challenges in the ever changing and dynamic society (Roth, 2011).
Outcomes of Increased Police Professionalism during the 20th Century
crime control: The emphasis on the application
of scientific theory of
management in the administration of policing (Roth, 2011).
The inclusion of the theory meant
focus on productivity and unity of control in policing. The era saw
the synchronization and
coordination of the police functions to ensure that the police
could undertake law enforcement and execution
of arrests whenever they deemed it fit (Roth, 2011).
In addition, the period was characterized by as limited discretion of the policing activities
as possible. In the case of instances where there were problems,
special units that included juvenile, drugs among
others were established by the police administration
to deal with selective problems. Initially, such problems were
instead left to the patrol
Improved quality of life: Another outcome of increased police professionalism was the emphasis on merit-based selection, training and improved working conditions and compensation of the police (Thomas, 2011). The whole idea was to improve the productivity of the police to achieve the ultimate role of providing professional protection to the American population. The police organizations started selecting their chief executives based on their professional qualifications and not just on mere political affiliations. Among the identified cause of inefficiencies and ineffectiveness in the police role was corruption (Thomas, 2011). To eradicate the menace, the police organizations decided to implement a better compensation scheme to facilitate reasonable compensation in terms of salaries and other fringe benefits, in addition to the general improved working conditions of the police (Thomas, 2011). The police got adequate training to encourage incorporation of the necessary skills required for good performance to enable them deliver in accordance with the expectations of the public.
Examples of Recent Events Involving Police Professionalism
Examples of events involving police professionalism are the prompt response by the Gilmer police to the road accident on Thursday, July 17, 2014 in a bid to save lives and the conference on evidence-based policing with Institute of Criminology at Cambridge University.
Differences and Similarities
The similarities include the achievement of objective
policing and levels of integrity that meet the threshold of professionalism
(Perez & Moore, 2013). Additionally, both facets have some aspects of
investigative policing. The first instance gives insight into a response
scenario while the second instance regards the various skills that police can
employ to achieve a professional policing based on evidence (Perez & Moore,
2013). The first scenario envisages the police professionalism in connection to
the innovations and technology that aid police functions while; the second case
presents deep knowledge into the possible ways of ensuring adequate skills in
police investigations for purposes of obtaining valid evidence from complete
and thorough investigations by the police (Perez & Moore, 2013).
Recommendations /Strategies That Could Be Implemented To Help Establish More Positive Relationships
- Law enforcement agencies should enact the relevant procedures to ensure limitation of the use of deadly force in managing potentially volatile situations.
- Police department should broaden the facets of increased accountability and integrity, as they are key to improved policing.
- To ensure elimination of fear, increased order, and citizen satisfaction as the fabrics of community policing, the police departments should adopt appropriate community-based relationships to boost the confidence of the citizens and cooperation between the police and the community.
Perez, D. W., & Moore, J. A. (2013). Police ethics: A matter of character. Clifton Park, NY: Delmar/Cengage Learning.
Roth, M. P. (2011). Crime and punishment: A history of the criminal justice system (2nd ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing
Thomas, D. J. (2011). Professionalism in policing: An introduction. Clifton Park, NY: Delmar Cengage Learning.