Criminal Justice Essay Paper on Natural Disaster Declarations

Natural Disaster Declarations

President’s Authority

            The president’s authority to grant a disaster declaration should not be expanded. This is because in case of a need, the president still has the authority to expand the prior orders. For example, on March 16, President Obama signed a new executive order on disaster that expanded the one that was issued in 1950 for disaster preparedness. It granted the president total control of all the existing national resources in the United States in times of crisis or conflict. Therefore, there is no need for expanding his authority. Furthermore, the National Defense Resources Preparedness order grants the president the power not only to control but also to allocate all the production, water, energy, food, and transportation, the existing decree outline under national security and defense (Kramer, 2009).
                                                Challenges in Communication

            The systems of control, coordination, and command make it challenging for response agencies to communicate with one another. For example, during the 9/11 event in New York, the interoperability between various response agencies was inadequate and in some cases non-existent. Additionally, the radio systems did not ease inter-agency communications between response agencies (Arnold, 2006).
            The federal government should work with the local/state governments during disasters. This is because the local and state governments are the first line of emergence response in case of disasters. Additionally, local and state governments have emergency medical services, police, and fire that are meant for disaster response (Kramer, 2009).

The Role of the Federal Government and Limitation

The role of the federal government is only to supplement the efforts of the state/local government during disasters. Therefore, the federal government should provide coordination, money, and other resources. However, the limitation is that disaster management/relief is already delegated locally and not nationally (Arnold, 2006).


Arnold, M. (2006). Natural disaster hotspots case studies. Washington, D.C: Banco Mundial.

Kramer, W. M. (2009). Disaster planning and control. Tulsa, Okla: PennWell/Fire Engineering.